Objective: Early medically-refractory epilepsy is associated with developmental delays, underachievement, underemployment/unemployment, and being unmarried. This child with intellectual disability illustrates potential outcomes after late seizure control. Method: David developed normally until onset of medically refractory epilepsy at age 2; he was in special education Kindergarten through 8th Grade. Seizures were controlled at age 11; medications were discontinued by age 14. Depression was well managed. Cognitive functioning was followed longitudinally, and long-term outcomes were assessed. Results: Scores are Standard Scores (SS; M = 100, SD = 15); higher scores reflect better performance. IQ and achievement scores reflected mild delays through age 11 (VCI = 79–85, POI = 59–70, WMI = 61–67, FSIQ = 65–70; Reading SS = 54–63, Spelling SS = 63, Math SS = 59–65). At age 14, reading and math word-problems improved...

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview
Article PDF first page preview
You do not currently have access to this article.