Objective: Real life medication adherence, a complex process including planning and memory, is associated with attention, mental flexibility, working memory, and executive functioning. Age-related deficits in these cognitive processes put older adults at a higher risk for misusing medications. This study examined whether planning would improve healthy older adult's performance on a medication management laboratory based test (i.e., Medication Management Ability Assessment; MMAA) and evaluated cognitive processes related to MMAA performance.

Method: 133 cognitively healthy older adult participants from the community were administered the MMAA, WAIS-IV Digit Span (DS), Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT), Trail Making Test B (TMT), and DKEFs Letter Fluency (LF). For the MMAA planning condition paper and pencil were provided for making a medication plan. Results: Group differences were not significant between planning (M = 30.67) and no-planning (M = 30.66) performance. For the no-planning condition, no significant associations were found between the MMAA total score...

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