Objective: In the current study we seek to determine if frailty moderates the relationship between cognitive reserve and cognitive function in a sample of community dwelling older adults. Identifying components of frailty and their relationship with functional outcomes is a major focus in clinical practice and aging research, as frailty status has major implications for health outcomes. We proposed that frailty would moderate the positive relationship between cognitive reserve and cognitive function such that at higher levels of frailty the protective effects of cognitive reserve on cognitive performance are diminished. Method: The sample consisted of 73 community-dwelling older adults (age 64-93) recruited from a larger study on cognitive aging. We employ four commonly used indicators of frailty (walking speed, strength, energy/fatigue, and overall general health). Cognitive reserve was measured using the Wechsler Test of Adult Reading, and cognitive function was determined using domain scores on the CNS Vital Signs computerized...

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