Objective: Moderate-to-severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be associated with numerous neuropsychological, behavioral, and emotional difficulties, including executive functioning (EF) deficits. Research has shown regulatory components of EF are associated with behavioral and emotional functioning following moderate-to-severe TBI (Ganesalingam et al., 2007). However, given fluctuation in these domains following TBI, the effect of change in EF on behavioral/emotional outcomes remains unclear. The present objective is to investigate the relationship between longitudinal change in parent-reported EF and behavioral/emotional outcomes following moderate-to-severe pediatric TBI. Method: Twenty-one participants (mean age = 10.4 years) who experienced moderate-to-severe TBI were evaluated at baseline (within 1 month post-injury) and 12 months post-injury. Parents completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition (BASC-2). Results: Correlation analyses revealed statistically significant (p < .05) correlations between longitudinal change in several BRIEF scales (Inhibit, Shift, Emotional Control, and Behavioral Regulation...

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