Objective: Prior research has noted cognitive vulnerability of females with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) relative to males. Although multiple neurocognitive late-effects have been identified following ALL treatment, problem-solving is a key adaptive skill for positive functioning. Both visuospatial skills (VS) and executive functions (EF) are theorized to impact problem-solving on the Tower of London (TOL) task; however, relative contributions of these skills and differential processes for males and females are unknown. Method: Participants included 42 ALL patients aged 6-18 (74% males) who completed neuropsychological evaluation at a medical university following cancer treatment. Data were collected during a survivorship clinic routine care visit. Measures included Block Design, Judgment of Line Orientation, Trails B, and Stroop. Results: Analyses were conducted to predict performance on the TOL. For males, VS and EF were significantly related to problem-solving (all ps < .05). Visuospatial perception was a unique predictor of TOL (β = -.41, p...

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview
Article PDF first page preview
You do not currently have access to this article.