Objective: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a screening measure of general cognitive functioning. Among the research on its reliability and validity were studies of individuals with traumatic brain injury and cerebral vascular accident (CVA) in acute care; however, a dearth of research exists on the validity of the MoCA for individuals with CVA or orthopedic problems in inpatient rehabilitation settings. A hypothesis of this study was individuals with CVA would exhibit greater cognitive impairment than individuals with orthopedic problems or from a normative sample. Method: The current matched case-control study included 243 individuals matched for age and education level. The participants in this study were randomly selected from archival data that contained scores for the MoCA. The study design included 3 groups: Control group, orthopedic group, and CVA group of individuals from an inpatient rehabilitation setting. Results: The results of a oneway ANOVA showed that scores on the MoCA...

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