Objective: Strategy training positively influences working memory (WM) ability and predicts higher cognitive functioning (Turley-Ames & Whitfield, 2003). We examined neural activity during a WM task with and without the use of rehearsal strategy (RS). We hypothesized significantly different neural activity between the control and experimental groups. Method: This study included 37 healthy participants, aged 25 to 47 (M = 34.57, SD = 7.20; 21 males) with 12 to 22 years of education (M = 15.92, SD = 2.55). The control group (n = 18) completed a modified operation span task in an MRI scanner (M-OSPAN; Turner & Engle, 1989). The experimental group (n = 19) completed the M-OSPAN after receiving RS training. Groups did not significantly differ on age, gender, or years of education. Results: Controls displayed diffuse activation spanning most of the frontal lobes, extending posteriorly along with certain homologous regions in the right hemisphere while the experimental...

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