Objective: This study examined rudimentary cognitive abilities in a pediatric sample with acquired neurological injuries. It was hypothesized that disorders characterized by recurring insult would exhibit more cognitive impairment. Method: A non-experimental design investigated cognitive differences between the following disorders: stroke, tumor, cerebral palsy, meningitis and hydrocephalus, epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, and neurological impairment (non-specified). Selection criteria included history of neurological injury with no additional diagnoses. The mean age was 12 (SD = 3.3) and 55% of participants (N = 87) were female. Three MANOVAs were conducted using the disorder group as the independent variable. Dependent variables included subtests measuring processing speed, working memory, and attention from the following instruments: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (Wechsler, 2003), Delis-Kaplan Executive Functioning Scales (Delis, Kaplan, & Kramer, 2001), Wide Range of Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition (Sheslow & Adams, 2003), NEPSY-II (Korkman, Kirk, &...

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