Objective: The purpose of this review was to determine the possibility of obtaining “pure” measures for two of the most widely researched neuropsychological domains: attention and executive function. Finding pure measures of each cognitive ability, that are not interrelated, proves to be a challenging task. Data Selection: Both empirical and theoretical approaches were used to dissect the domains. Empirically, meta-analyses were reviewed to identify measures that can be considered the most sensitive in detecting domain-specific deficits. Web of Science and PsychInfo were the databases chosen and specific search terms were used to maintain consistency. In order to obtain comprehensive results, a theoretical search was also performed. Data Synthesis: Only the meta-analyses that included at least two constructs were reviewed. The main constructs that were revealed by the systematic review for attention were response inhibition, vigilance, working memory and processing speed. The constructs that were most prevalent in the reviews for...

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