Objective: This study investigated the role of effort on memory performance in Major Depressive Disorder by comparing the performance of participants on the more effortful ‘delayed recall’ memory trials of the California and the Rey Auditory Memory Tests (CVLT and RAVLT) with the more ‘automatic’ recognition trial. Data Selection: A comprehensive search of the computerised databases PsycINFO and Medline was conducted in addition to using appropriate Boolean search terms to identify relevant articles; advanced MESH headings specific to each database were also used. Data Synthesis: Searches revealed 22 studies, however three studies were excluded for using verbal memory tests other than the CVLT/RAVLT, three studies were excluded for not having a control group, and a further three studies were excluded due to insufficient data. Thirteen studies remained for inclusion in the analysis.

Results: Results showed that MDD participants performed more poorly than controls on the delayed recall trials with a...

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview
Article PDF first page preview
You do not currently have access to this article.