Objective: We sought to quantitatively synthesize the existing literature regarding the neurocognitive correlates of confabulations in schizophrenia. Data Selection: The keywords “schizophrenia” and “psychosis” were searched in combination with “confabulation,” “false memory,” and “false memories” on PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus. Inclusion criteria included the following: (1) Each primary study must have utilized healthy controls and patients with schizophrenia and included statistical indices that would lend themselves to effect size analyses. (2) The neurocognitive variables were examined by way of a standardized test measure(s). (3) The primary study was peer reviewed and written in English. Studies examining high-risk or first-episode psychosis groups were excluded. Seven studies were included in the analysis. Data Synthesis: Effect sizes (Cohen's d) were calculated for number of confabulations made. When available, the correlation between confabulation and neurocognitive predictors was...

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