Objective: To determine the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on group-based Compensatory Cognitive Training (CCT) for Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn (OEF/OIF/OND) Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Method: 119 OEF/OIF/OND Veterans with a history of mTBI participated at 3 VA Medical Centers. 50 Veterans were randomized to the CCT group and 69 Veterans to the usual care control group. The CCT group participated in 10 weekly, 120-minute sessions. CCT is a manualized, group intervention aimed at teaching compensatory cognitive strategies for memory, attention, and organization. Both groups were assessed at baseline, 5 weeks, 10 weeks, and 15 weeks on measures of subjective cognitive complaints and psychological functioning. Within the CCT group, 35 Veterans completed pre and post assessment measures. Assessment measures included Prospective-Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ), Multiple Sclerosis Neuropsychological Screening Questionnaire (MSNQ), and PTSD Checklist-Military Version (PCL-M). Results: There was a significant...

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