Objective: The study goal was to assess whether children prenatally exposed to methamphetamine (PME) exhibited elevated levels of externalizing behaviors when compared to an ADHD comparison group while controlling for alcohol exposure within the PME sample. Method: Participants consisted of PME children and ADHD referred by their primary care physician for a full neuropsychological/psychological assessment at a community mental health clinic. The study consisted of 113 PME children (67 reportedly prenatally exposed to methamphetamine and alcohol, and 46 reportedly prenatally exposed to methamphetamine without alcohol exposure), and 113 non-exposed children diagnosed with ADHD following a full neuropsychological/psychological assessment. Study variables consisted of BASC-2 Externalizing Problems Index, (including hyperactivity, aggression, and conduct problems scales), and overall Behavioral Symptom Index. Results: Study results indicated that the PME group exhibited significantly elevated levels of Hyperactivity (p = .03), Aggression (p < .01), Conduct Problems (p < .01), Externalizing Problems (p < .01), and...

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