Objective: The primary objectives were to establish Cantonese versions of several measures of executive functions and to determine which measures differentiated clinical versus nonclinical participants in a Chinese society. Method: Participants included nonclinical community residents of Macao, China (n = 54; M age = 37) recruited through a neighborhood community center as well as residents with an identified (via medical chart review) psychiatric disorder (primarily Schizophrenia, mood disorder, or substance abuse/dependence) but no language disorder (n = 49; M age 36) recruited through a community mental health center and a residential substance abuse treatment facility. All were native Cantonese speakers. Participants received a small honorarium (the equivalent of approximately $10USD) and were administered a group of standardized tests that included measures of executive functions (e.g. a Semantic Fluency test and Pair Cancellation from...

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