Abstract

The present investigation examines specific aspects of frontal functioning across geriatric and nongeriatric cohorts. Subjects included 193 nongeriatric male pilots (mean age: 48.29 (SD = 6.79); mean education: 15.93 years (SD = 1.86)), and 68 geriatric males and females (mean age: 78.38 (SD = 5.07); mean education: 13.68 (SD = 2.53)). The results of a series of general linear model multivariate one-way analyses revealed poorer performance on frontal measures in the geriatric sample, although no differences were noted between the male and female samples. In contrast, variable interrelations, as assessed by a parametric statistic of betweengroup factor similarity, indicated a noteworthy similarity of factors between the geriatric and nongeriatric groups, and dissimilarities between the factor structures for males and geriatric females. These findings not only support the presence of age-related differences in frontal performance for the domains tested, they suggest the need to examine frontal functioning by multiple methods, as differences in frontal functioning may exist between groups that are undetected by analyses based on intergroup score differences or predictor-criterion correlations alone

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