Abstract

This study represents the first attempt to cross validate and report on the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile (NBAP) using closed head injury (CHI) participants. The NBAP is designed to measure emotional functioning before and following a brain event. Two CHI samples, differing primarily by method of ascertainment, were compared to a group of normal controls. Results provided support for concurrent and predictive validity of the NBAP across both CHI samples. Significantly higher levels of postinjury emotional functioning in clinic-referred CHI patients compared to CHI individuals not seeking treatment (strictly research participants) was demonstrated. A surprising finding was that pre-injury emotional levels of clinic-referred subjects were rated as less severe than that of controls. Based on this finding, the possibility of a gradient effect was discussed in which raters appeared to place selectively greater weight on current condition, while simultaneously making premorbid levels less severe than they really were. Results were discussed in the context of study limitations and directions for further research.