Abstract

Previous research studies have shown that in adults, verbal fluency is impaired after lesion to the frontal lobes and left temporal lobe. More recently, there have been a few studies reported which indicated that in children, like adults, left hemisphere and frontal lesions result in pronounced effects on verbal fluency. The present study examined developmental differences in verbal fluency within a sample of 130 normal children, aged 6 to 12 years. Additionally, the same verbal fluency test was administered to two subgroups of children with developmental dyslexia and a group of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significant between-group differences by age in the normal children. Further, ANOVA demonstrated that the verbal fluency measure was clinically useful in differentiating the Language Disorder/Dysphonetic Dyslexic subgroup from the Visual-Spatial/Dyseidetic Dyslexic subgroup and the ADHD group, with the latter two groups performing within the average range