This paper presents a review and critique of the Houston Conference on Specialty Education and Training in Clinical Neuropsychology, together with an informal summary of opinions of a number of neuropsychologists. Issues regarding the role of the Clinical Neuropsychology Synarchy (CNS) and the applicability of the conference policies are offered. Several deficiencies and limitations of the policy statement are discussed. An informal survey of neuropsychologists interested in the Houston Conference indicates rather different opinions concerning the training and education of neuropsychologists. It is our contention that the results of the Houston Conference can only be considered controversial at best and that there is still much diversity of opinion in the field regarding the proper training of neuropsychologists. We hope to stimulate further discussion and greater involvement of the profession before final criteria for education and training are developed and adopted.