Abstract

This study used a known-groups design to examine the classification accuracy of the Test of Memory Malingering in detecting cognitive malingering in patients claiming cognitive deficits due to exposure to environmental and industrial toxins. Thirty-three patients who met Slick et al. criteria for Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction were compared to 17 toxic exposure patients negative for evidence of malingering, 14 TBI patients and 22 memory disorder patients, both groups without incentive. The original cutoffs (<45) for Trial 2 and Retention demonstrated perfect specificity (0% false positive error rate) and impressive sensitivity (>50%). These findings indicate the TOMM can be used with confidence as an indicator of negative response bias in cases of cognitive deficits attributed to exposure to alleged neurotoxic substances.