The purpose of this paper was to examine memory performance in patients with SLE by studying the overall deterioration in memory, analyzing the differences and frequency of impairment in the variables from the visual and verbal memory tests, and studying the alterations in the memory. This study included 59 patients with a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 18 with a diagnosis of chronic discoid lupus (CDL), who were administered the Spanish complutense verbal learning test (TAVEC) and the Rey complex figure test (RCFT). Statistically significant differences were detected between the two groups on the immediate visual recall and delayed visual recall variables, with the mean of the SLE group being lower than that of the CDL group. The difference between the frequency of verbal and visual impairment could be explained by various factors, one of which would be a lateralization of memory impairment.

Author notes

This paper was accepted for publication by the previous editor, Wm. Drew Gouvier.