[Archiv. Clin. Neuropsychol. 25 (4) (2010) 274–284]

Several errors appeared in Table 8. On lines 6, 9, and 13, “>80” was published as “<80”. The publisher apologizes for these errors. The corrected table is below.

Table 8.

Interpretive guidelines for the RBS at five T-score ranges

T < 50 (Raw 0–4) Minimal memory or other cognitive symptoms reported. Consider denial or “fake good” attitude, if cognitive testing reveals deficits. SVT failure is unlikely. If SVT(s) failed, consider passive factors such as disengagement or disinterest rather than active negative response bias 
T = 50–64 (Raw 5–8) Minor memory or cognitive symptoms may be reported, consistent with cognitive test results. If F-r < 79 T, Fp-r < 70 T, Fs, and FBS-r < 80 T, consider emotional factors contributing to memory complaints. SVT failure is unlikely. If SVT(s) failed, consider passive factors such as lack of engagement in testing. If F-r ≥ 79, Fp-r > 70, Fs, or FBS-r > 80 T, rule out possible MND (Slick, Sherman, & Iverson, 1999) 
T = 65–79 (Raw 9–11) Increasing memory complaints. If F-r < 79 T, Fp-r < 70 T, Fs, and FBS-r < 80 T, complaints are probably related to emotional factors. If F-r ≥ 79, Fp-r > 70, Fs, or FBS-r > 80 T, or SVT(s) failed, consider volitional symptom exaggeration. Rule out possible or probable MND 
T = 80–99 (Raw 12–16) Exaggerated memory complaints are likely. T-score range is associated with mean MCI score 1.5 SD above moderate to severe brain injury. Probability of SVT failure as high as 67%. If F-r < 79 T, Fp-r < 70 T, Fs, and FBS-r < 80 T, memory complaints may be related to emotional factors. If F-r ≥ 79, Fp-r > 70, Fs, or FBS-r > 80 T, exaggerated psychopathology and somatic/cognitive symptoms are possible. If SVT(s) failed, exaggerated memory complaints are probable. Rule out probable MND 
T = 100+ (Raw 17+) Memory complaints are exaggerated. T-score range is associated with mean MCI score 2 SD above moderate to severe brain injury. Probability of SVT failure is 77%–100%. If F-r, Fp-r, Fs, or FBS-r > 100, malingered psychopathology is probable. If SVT(s) failed, exaggeration of memory complaints is confirmed. If SVT(s) passed, rule out coaching. Rule out probable or definite MND 
T < 50 (Raw 0–4) Minimal memory or other cognitive symptoms reported. Consider denial or “fake good” attitude, if cognitive testing reveals deficits. SVT failure is unlikely. If SVT(s) failed, consider passive factors such as disengagement or disinterest rather than active negative response bias 
T = 50–64 (Raw 5–8) Minor memory or cognitive symptoms may be reported, consistent with cognitive test results. If F-r < 79 T, Fp-r < 70 T, Fs, and FBS-r < 80 T, consider emotional factors contributing to memory complaints. SVT failure is unlikely. If SVT(s) failed, consider passive factors such as lack of engagement in testing. If F-r ≥ 79, Fp-r > 70, Fs, or FBS-r > 80 T, rule out possible MND (Slick, Sherman, & Iverson, 1999) 
T = 65–79 (Raw 9–11) Increasing memory complaints. If F-r < 79 T, Fp-r < 70 T, Fs, and FBS-r < 80 T, complaints are probably related to emotional factors. If F-r ≥ 79, Fp-r > 70, Fs, or FBS-r > 80 T, or SVT(s) failed, consider volitional symptom exaggeration. Rule out possible or probable MND 
T = 80–99 (Raw 12–16) Exaggerated memory complaints are likely. T-score range is associated with mean MCI score 1.5 SD above moderate to severe brain injury. Probability of SVT failure as high as 67%. If F-r < 79 T, Fp-r < 70 T, Fs, and FBS-r < 80 T, memory complaints may be related to emotional factors. If F-r ≥ 79, Fp-r > 70, Fs, or FBS-r > 80 T, exaggerated psychopathology and somatic/cognitive symptoms are possible. If SVT(s) failed, exaggerated memory complaints are probable. Rule out probable MND 
T = 100+ (Raw 17+) Memory complaints are exaggerated. T-score range is associated with mean MCI score 2 SD above moderate to severe brain injury. Probability of SVT failure is 77%–100%. If F-r, Fp-r, Fs, or FBS-r > 100, malingered psychopathology is probable. If SVT(s) failed, exaggeration of memory complaints is confirmed. If SVT(s) passed, rule out coaching. Rule out probable or definite MND 

Notes: SVT = symptom validity test; MND = Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction; MMPI-2-RF = Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form; RBS = Response Bias Scale. MMPI-2-RF validity scales: F-r = Infrequent Responses; Fp-r = Infrequent Psychopathology Responses; Fs = Infrequent Somatic Responses; FBS-r = Symptom Validity; MCI = Memory Complaints Inventory.