Abstract

Objective: Given that in Colombia neuropsychology is a young field that is not very regulated, the aim of this study is to understand who makes up the population of neuropsychologists in Colombia, what kind of training they received, what kind of work they do, and perceived barriers in the field. Method: 405 self-identified professionals in neuropsychology from Colombia completed an online survey between July and December of 2013. Results: 90% of the sample had at least a bachelor's degree, while 46% went on to obtain a specialist degree, 33% a master's degree, 9% a doctoral degree, and 1% post-doctorate. Of those with advanced degrees, 30% and 93% received their master's and doctoral degrees, respectively, outside of Colombia. 77% engage in evaluation, 49% in rehabilitation, 50% in research, and 31% in teaching. They work an average of 21.2 hours per week in the field of neuropsychology. Clinicians primarily work with individuals with learning problems, ADHD, dementia, stroke, and TBI. 90% believe that clinical neuropsychologists should have a degree in neuropsychology and 86% believe they should have a degree in psychology. The top perceived barriers to the field include: lack of academic and clinical training opportunities, poor attitude towards professional collaboration, and lack of access to neuropsychological tests. 61% of clinicians indicate that normative data for their countries do not exist. Conclusion(s): There is a need in Colombia to increase regulation, improve graduate curriculums, enhance existing clinical training, develop professional certification programs, validate existing neuropsychological tests, and create new, culturally-relevant instruments.