Objective: Recent studies have shown differences in a number of neuropsychological test measures between young gay and straight men and women. With the “Aging of America,” however, it is important to know if these differences extend into older age groups. Method: Twenty-three men and 36 women representing about equal numbers of gays and straights for each sex, were examined on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th Edition Vocabulary and Coding subtest. Participants were healthy, between 50 and 70 years old, and denied any history of neurological, medical, or psychiatric disorders. Demography, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Mini Mental state scores for screening were also obtained. Consistent with the literature on younger people, it was hypothesized that straight women would have higher Coding scores than straight men, gay men would have higher scaled scores that straight men, and straight women and gay men would not differ significantly. Results: A one-way analysis of covariance of Coding scaled scores by group did not reveal significant performance differences by group. Gender, sexual orientation, Vocabulary score (WAIS-IV), years of education, and age were analyzed with multiple linear regression. No differences were found in these measures, suggesting that with age, documented cognitive differences between gays and straights diminish. Conclusion: It appears aging is a more unifying factor than sexual orientation and that even if there are differences in younger gays, these appear to disappear with age. These data were discussed with regard to both aged-related changes in cognitive abilities and the implications for testing younger gay men and women.
The Aging Brain: Differences in WAIS-IV Coding Subtest Performance of Older Gay and Straight Men and Women
A Faris; Diversity-4
The Aging Brain: Differences in WAIS-IV Coding Subtest Performance of Older Gay and Straight Men and Women. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2015; 30 (6): 476. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acv046.04
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