Objective: The main objective was to determine the cognitive functioning with executive subprocesses involving response inhibition and cognitive flexibility in women who are victims of Intimate Partners Violence (IPV). Method: Data were obtained from a sample of 69 battered women (M= 39.96, SD = 7.892) and 40 control women (M= 39.43, SD = 8.569). Battered and control participants were recruited from nongovernmental organizations (NGO). Inclusion criteria were: being 18 years old or older, having a normal IQ, understanding the test instructions, no past history of mental/neurological diseases and/or consumption of substances. Additionally, Battered Group (BG) included women victims of IPV. Five Digits Test (FDT) was administered to evaluate inhibition response and cognitive flexibility. Results: For the inhibition component, T-tests results showed that BG showed lower performance than controls for trial 3 of FDT (t = 3.867, p < 0.001). For the flexibility component, the BG showed to be significantly more inflexible than the controls for the FDT, trial 4 (t = 2.064, p < .041). Conclusion: The way that executive functions are affected remains unclear in women victims of IPV and very few studies have focused on this topic. The presented results are relevant because they provide a first evidence for the incorporation of neuropsychological assessment as routine in women victims of IPV and suggest that despite no evidence of brain trauma, psychological trauma appears to have an impact on neuropsychological performance.
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL DOMAINS: EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
Inhibition and Flexibility in Women Victims of Intimate Partners Violence
I Ibanez-Casas, N Hidalgo Ruzzante, M Marañon Murcia, N Bueso Izquierdo, M Perez-Garcia, A Puente; NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL DOMAINS: EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
Inhibition and Flexibility in Women Victims of Intimate Partners Violence. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2015; 30 (6): 564-565. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acv047.206
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