Objective: To compare performance on a semantic verbal fluency task (SVFT) across eleven countries of Latin America. Participants: 5359 healthy adult participants from Colombia (28.1%), Mexico (25.3%), Argentina (6%), Peru (4.6%), Paraguay (4.9%), Honduras (3.5%), Chile (6%), Cuba (5.7%), Puerto Rico (5.6%), Salvador (5.2%), and Bolivia (5.3%) participated in the study. Inclusion criteria were a score of ≥23 on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a score of ≤4 on Patient Health Questionnaire–9 (PHQ-9), and a score of ≥90 on the Barthel Index. 61.5% of the sample were woman, the average age was 53.83 ± 20.22 years (range 18-95), and the average education 9.92 ± 5.3 years (range 0–20). All participants completed the SVFT (animals, fruits, and professions categories). Illiterate participants (n = 201) were excluded from the analysis. Results: Multivariate analysis of variance revealed significant differences between countries in SVF measures after controlling for age and education (F = 63.38; p < .001). Participants from Mexico scored higher in the animals category (Mean = 17.46, CI95% 16.99:17.94), those from Peru scored higher in fruits (Mean = 13.72, CI95% 13.29:14.15), and those from Argentina scored higher in professions (Mean = 13.97, CI95% 13.57:14.37). Conclusion: These results suggest that there are significant differences between countries in SVFT, and depending on the category likewise varies which country gets better result. Therefore, different normative data for each country are essential in order to perform adequate neuropsychological assessments in each country.
Semantic Verbal Fluency across Eleven Latin American Countries
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta Landa, J Caldero Chaguala, M Luna, M Bringas, C Martinez, C e los Reyes Aragón, B Rabago, L Esenarro, P Saracho, J Arango-Lasprilla; C-09
Semantic Verbal Fluency across Eleven Latin American Countries. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2015; 30 (6): 566. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acv047.211
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