Objective: Given that neuropsychology is a field with constant changes, the aim of this study is to describe and compare the main barriers to the development of neuropsychology in Latin America (L.A.), United States of America (U.S.A.), Spain and Scandinavian countries (SC). Method: 2485 self-identified professionals in neuropsychology from L.A., U.S.A., Spain and SC completed an online survey between July 2013 and December of 2014. The survey consisted of 60 questions that included a list of 10-item with the most common barriers when performing work as neuropsychologist. Results: Chi-square tests (X2) showed significant differences between L.A., U.S.A., Spain and SC (p's < .001), suggesting a lack of academic training programs (46.9%), access to literature/libraries (11.3%), internet (1.2%), technology/ computers (3.7%), and neuropsychological instruments (35.0%) are the most frequent reported barriers for the development of neuropsychology reported by professionals from L.A. Professionals from Spain, reported that the lack of willingness to collaborate between professionals (46.0%), and the scarcity of clinical training opportunities (47.5%) were two of the most frequent barriers reported. Lastly, Scandinavian professionals reported that lack of professional leaders in the field (33.6%) was the most common barrier. Conclusion: Numerous global regions face different barriers in the advancement of neuropsychology as a profession and identification of such perceived barriers is the first step towards an advancement of neuropsychology worldwide.