Objective: The relationship of demographic variables to performance on the Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT) visual recall components and the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale- Third Edition (WAIS-III) were examined. Method: One hundred thirty five participants with mixed neuropsychiatric diagnoses who completed the BVRT and WAIS-III were included; there were no exclusion criteria. Results: An initial factor analysis was performed for items of BVRT, yielding two components that represented the early and late sequence items for the BVRT visual recall components. These were re-factored with age and education level. Age was negatively associated with late BVRT items (Component 1) while education loaded with early BVRT items (Component 2). These new factorial components were dimensionalized by the WAIS-III. Results revealed a four-component model that explains 86.27% of the total variance: Component 1(Late.BVRT_age) loaded with Perceptional Organization and Processing Speed, Component 2 (Early.BVRT_edu) loaded with Verbal Comprehension and Processing Speed, and Working Memory was unrelated to either components. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that as age increases, people will recall less of the late BVRT items, and utilize nonverbal strategies. Meanwhile, higher education results in better recall of earlier elementary items most likely due to overlearned verbal strategies. Moreover, it appears the BVRT is selectively involved with demographic factors lining up with the WAIS-III, thus enhancing its construct validity and component understanding.
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL DOMAINS: OTHER
Level and Pattern of Performance on the Benton Visual Retention Test
C Marino, J Moses, J Lai, C Han; NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL DOMAINS: OTHER
Level and Pattern of Performance on the Benton Visual Retention Test. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2015; 30 (6): 586. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acv047.265
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