Objective: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been associated with motor impairments. The current study compared motor impairments between individuals with ASD and ADHD. Discrepancies amongst non-ASD individuals’ motor impairments in OT settings are also examined. We hypothesized there would be a discrepancy between the motor coordination of ASD and non ASD individuals. We also, hypothesized that differences will be found between motor integration abilities of individuals with ADHD and ASD and no discrepancies in their motor coordination. Method: The sample consisted of n = 27 individuals ages 5-15, referred for OT evaluation by their pediatricians. The Beery- Buktenica Developmental Tests of Visual-Motor Integration (Beery VMI), Visual Perception, and Motor Coordination were administered as part of their evaluations. The sample consisted of: 15 individuals diagnosed with ASD, 12 individuals with ADHD, an unspecified developmental disorder or none. T-tests were conducted to compare ASD and ADHD individuals, as well as ASD and non-ASD individuals. Results: Individuals with ASD demonstrated lower mean values in their motor coordination subtest (M = 73.53, SD = 18.4), than the non-ASD group(M = 87, SD = 5.3). This difference was significant t(24) = -2.53, p < .05. Additionally, their visual motor integration (M = 86.7, SD = 9.8) was lower than the ADHD sample (M = 103.5, SD = 16), also significant t(17) = -2.68, p < 0.05. Conclusion: The results of the current study suggest that VMI is significantly impaired in ASD compared to children with ADHD, and their motor coordination is significantly impaired compared to other individuals receiving OT evaluations. These findings suggest that OT should consider targeting these discrepancies amongst ASD individuals.
Differentiating Motor Impairments Amongst Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Non ASD Patients in an Occupational Therapy (OT) Setting
K Ball, R Kirmse, M Rodriguez; A-51
Differentiating Motor Impairments Amongst Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Non ASD Patients in an Occupational Therapy (OT) Setting. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2016; 31 (6): 603. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acw043.51
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