# Instructions to Authors: Submitted Articles

Two categories of articles will be published in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy (AEPP), Submitted Articles and Featured Articles. In each issue of the journal, at least two Featured Articles will focus on selected themes of interest, alongside which will be published Submitted Articles. Featured Articles will synthesize and integrate existing research relating to a theme, while Submitted Articles will present original research results with an emphasis on drawing out future research and policy implications.

## SUBMITTED ARTICLES

All Submitted Articles submitted to AEPP for consideration and review should be sent through the AEPP 's electronic submission system. Articles will be sent for review according to the double-blind referee process. To protect their anonymity in the review process, authors should not identify themselves in the manuscript.

Finally, authors should be aware that accepted articles will be subject to content editing (not only copy-editing) to achieve AEPP ’s aim of being accessible and policy-oriented. The content editor will work with authors to improve accessibility and style, and this is likely to involve some rewriting and possibly some suggestions for structural changes. If you have any concerns about this, please contact the editors prior to submission.

## SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Please read these instructions carefully and follow them strictly. In this way you will help ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as efficient and quick as possible. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All Submitted Articles to be considered for publication in Applied Economics Perspectives and Policy should be submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below, instructions on how to submit your manuscript online can be found by clicking here.

### Documentation of Research Involving Human Subjects

For all submitted manuscripts involving human subjects research conducted by one or more of the authors, the authors must communicate the following to the editors before the manuscript can be reviewed. (1) The authors have obtained approval from all appropriate Institutional Review Boards or equivalent institutional oversight authorities and (2) If the protocol involves deception of human subjects, document the extent and nature of deception involved and the research justification for inclusion of the deception. The handling editor may return manuscripts in which the deception is deemed unwarranted or excessive given the research justification, even if the protocol was approved by all appropriate Institutional Review Boards.

## AAEA PLAGIARISM POLICY

If a submitted manuscript is determined to involve serious or extensive plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, it will be rejected. The handling editor may document and report these allegations to the appropriate officials of the authors’ home institution(s).

## PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Submission of a paper will be held to imply that a) the material in the manuscript has not been published, is not being published or considered for publication elsewhere, and will not be submitted for publication elsewhere unless rejected by the journal editor or withdrawn by the authors; b) material in the manuscript, so far as the authors know, does not infringe upon other published material covered by copyright; c) the authors' employer, if any, either does not assert an ownership interest in the manuscript or is willing to grant an exclusive license to publish to the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association (AAEA); and d) submission of the manuscript gives the AAEA exclusive rights to publish, and allow or deny reproduction of it, in whole or in part. If the applicability of point a) is unclear, the authors must provide an explanation in the cover letter.

Manuscripts should be in their final form when they are submitted so that proofs will require only correction of typographical errors.

### General format

AEPP aims to reach a broad readership of economists. Articles should be written in a way that makes them accessible to economists working in different fields and those working in the government, policy and corporate sectors. This consideration should apply to the level of complexity of the article, its use of specialist terminology, its assumptions about prior knowledge of the field, and its use of mathematical notation (which is covered separately below).

AEPP follows the Chicago Manual Style. Please consult the latest edition (15th edition) with any general style questions.

Check the final copy of your paper carefully, as any spelling mistakes and errors may be translated into the typeset version.

### Title Page

To protect their anonymity in the review process, AUTHORS SHOULD NOT IDENTIFY THEMSELVES ON THE TITLE PAGE OR IN ANY HEADERS. A SEPARATE TITLE PAGE MUST BE SUBMITTED via the online submission management system and should include: a) title; b) authors names; c) name, address, phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author serving as the contact person; d) date of submission of the manuscript.

### Article Length

The AEPP co-editors will not consider for publication any submitted manuscript exceeding 30 double-spaced pages, including footnotes, tables, figures, and references. In addition, model documentation and other supporting materials may be submitted with the manuscript to facilitate the review process.

### Abstract

Please submit an abstract of 100 words or less. The abstract should give a clear idea of the line of reasoning in the paper and the main conclusions made. Abstracts should not include equations, diagrams, footnotes, or parenthetical references, but may include numbers.

### JEL Codes

Please identify which JEL Codes best describe your article. You will be asked to provide these selections when the manuscript is submitted electronically. You can find a list of JEL codes by clicking here.

### Corresponding Author

The name and address of the author to whom all correspondence is to be addressed should be placed on the title page and identified as:

Correspondence to be sent to: John Smith, Department of Pathology, University of Somewhere, Anytown, USA

Please include the e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author.

### Text

Double-space all material, including footnotes, tables, and references in 8 ½ x 11-inch format, with 1-inch margins. Use 12-point Times New Roman or a similar type style and size.

### Article Length

The AEPP co-editors will not consider for publication any submitted manuscript exceeding 30 double-spaced pages, including footnotes, tables, figures, and references. In addition, model documentation and other supporting materials may be submitted with the manuscript to facilitate the review process.

### Data and Documentation

Authors are expected to document their data sources, models, and estimation procedures as thoroughly as possible, and to make the data used available to others for replications purposes. If, for legal or proprietary reasons, the data cannot be made available to all potential users, this limitation should be noted in the cover letter.

### Mathematical Notation

Only a limited amount of mathematical notation will be accepted in AEPP articles, in order to maximize the accessibility of your article to a wide readership. A small amount of mathematical notation is acceptable where it is necessary, but in that case the author should explain why the formula makes sense and it should not be critical to understanding the main points of the article. Highly mathematical articles are not appropriate for AEPP.

### Tables

Place each table on a separate page at the end of the paper. Double-space all material and omit vertical rules in tables. Each table and figure must have a legend. Place legends for tables at the top of the table, flush left, and bold.

Upon acceptance, authors will be asked to supply the publisher with a PDF version of each table properly formatted. This will help ensure that the formatting will be handled properly during publication.

### Figures

Place each figure on a separate page at the end of the paper. Upon acceptance, authors will be asked to supply an electronic version of each figure. Figures must be saved at a resolution of at least 300 pixels per inch at the final printed size for photographs, and 600 pixels per inch for black and white line drawings.

Figures may be included in color in the online version of the journal at no additional cost. Authors also have the option to have their figures appear in color in the print version of the journal, if they cover the color printing charges (for more information about this cost, contact aepp@oxfordjournals.org). Color figures must be saved at a resolution of at least 300 pixels per inch at the final printed size. Digital color art should be submitted in CMYK rather than RGB format, as the printing process requires colors to be separated into CMYK and this conversion can alter the intensity and brightness of colors. Therefore authors should be satisfied with the colors in CMYK (both on screen and when printed) before submission. Please also keep in mind that colors can appear differently on different screens and printers.

Figure legends should be included at the end of the manuscript text. Define all symbols and abbreviations used in the figure. Common abbreviations and others in the preceding text need not be redefined in the legend.

### Table and Figure Titles

Table and figure titles should be as descriptive as possible. Titles should be in bold and only the first word should be capitalized (except if the title contains a proper noun, etc.). For example:

Figure 1. Public and private agri-food research expenditures in Canada

Table 1. Professional person years (ppy) devoted to Canadian agri-food, 1998

Lowercase the words "table" and "figure" in the text unless, of course, they appear at the beginning of a sentence.

Upon acceptance, authors will be asked to supply the publisher with a PDF version of each table properly formatted. This will help ensure that the formatting will be handled properly during publication.

### Footnotes

Number footnotes consecutively throughout the paper, not page by page. Footnotes should be only explanatory and not for citations or for directing the reader to a particular work. Such information can be incorporated into the text.

To create Endnotes in you manuscript, follow the instructions below for Word.

1. Go to "Insert" on the toolbar and choose “References” and then "Footnotes."

2. Select “Endnotes” instead of “Footnotes,” and choose "End of Section” instead of “End of Document”. Then, click "Convert."

3. Choose the number format of "1, 2, 3…" and ”Continuous" numbering.

4. Click Apply.

5. At the end of your text (before the references and tables), click on “Insert” on the toolbar, and choose “Break”. Choose a “Next Page” break under Section Breaks. You will not need to do a separate Page Break to separate the text from the references and tables. Your endnotes should then appear on the last page of the text.

### References

Only cited works may be included in the reference list. List works alphabetically by the last name of the lead author. For works with multiple authors, do not use "et al.". For more than one by the same author(s), replace the names of the authors with three em dashes, after the first reference. List the works chronologically, with the oldest work listed first. See samples below.

The examples below highlight how to list references, based on type of work being referenced. For more examples, please consult the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, Chapter 17, and follow the examples provided for Reference Lists (R:).

• Journal Article
Baker, G., R. Gibbons, and K.J. Murphy. 2002. Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market. Journal of Economic Literature 40 (1): 7–72.
• Forthcoming Article
Bikhchandani, S., and J.M. Ostroy. Forthcoming. Ascending Price Vickery Auctions. Games and Economic Behavior 103.
• Book
Helpman, E., and P. Krugman. 1985. Market Structure and Foreign Trade: Increasing Returns, Imperfect Competition, and the International Economy . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
• Chapter in a Book
Freeman, R. B. 1993. How Much Has Deunionization Contributed to the Rise in Male Earnings Equality? In Uneven Tide: Rising Income Inequality in America , ed. Sheldon Danzinger and Peter Gottschalk, 133–63. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
• Working Paper/Departmental Bulletin
Heidhues, P., and B. Koszegi. 2005. The Impact of Consumer Loss Aversion on Pricing. Discussion Paper 4849, Centre for Economic Policy Research.
• Paper Presented at a Meeting
Romer, C.D., and D.H. Romer. 2006. The Evolution of Economic Understanding and Postwar Stabilization Policy. Paper presented at the Rethinking Stabilization Policy Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas Symposium, Jackson Hole, WY.
• Unpublished Works, Posted Online
These works are best included in the Endnotes section, not in the Reference List.
• Article in a Magazine
Belkin, L. 2003. The Opt-out Revolution. New York Times Magazine. October 26, 23–32.

### In-text Citations

All citations should appear in the text and contain the author's name, year of publication, and page numbers when necessary. Citations can be inserted parenthetically; example: (Doe 2008, p. 5). If the author's name appears as part of a sentence, a parenthetical reference is unnecessary unless page numbers or dates are needed. When listing multiple citations in a single location, include them both in the same set of parentheses, and separate them with a semi-colon: example: (Martin and Zwart 2006; Smith and Jones).

## PROOFS

Manuscripts should be in their final form when they are submitted so that proofs will require only correction of typographical errors. Authors are sent page proofs by the publisher. Please provide an e-mail address to enable page proofs to be sent as PDF files via e-mail. To avoid delays in publication, proofs should be checked immediately for typographic errors and returned to the production office by fax or e-mail within 48 hours. Essential changes of an extensive nature may be made only by insertion of a Note Added in Proof. Authors are, however, charged for extensive changes made in proof and for special items such as color plates.

## PERMISSIONS FOR ILLUSTRATIONS AND FIGURES

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS, and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section. Information on permissions contacts for a number of main galleries and museums can also be provided. Should you require copies of this, please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the Oxford Journals Rights department.

Some authors may be asked to revise and resubmit their article based on reviewer comments. Authors should prepare a list of answers that correspond to the individual reviewer comments. In addition, articles must be resubmitted within six months of the date of the editor's notification letter. Please advise John Beghin if you intend to revise and resubmit.

## OFFPRINTS

The publishers supply a free url. Offprints can be ordered using the Oxford Journals Author Services site. Late orders submitted after the journal is printed are subject to increased prices. More information concerning offprints may be found here.

It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors grant an exclusive license to Oxford University Press. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In granting an exclusive license, authors may use their own material in publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance.

Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright license to publish form.

## OPEN ACCESS FOR AUTHORS

Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory license to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licenses.

RCUK/Wellcome Trust/COAF-funded authors publishing in American Economic Perspectives and Policy can use the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY) for their articles.

All other authors publishing in American Economic Perspectives and Policy can use the following Creative Commons licenses for their articles:

• Creative Commons (CC BY)

• Creative Commons Non-Commercial license (CC BY-NC)

• Creative Commons Non-Commercial No Derivatives license (CC BY-NC-ND)

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1850/ $3000 / €2450 List B Developing country charge* - £925 /$1500 / €1225
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /\$0 / €0