Between Homeland and Motherland argues that the dominant theory of ‘transnationalism’ does not adequately explain American black elite behaviour in the foreign policy arena. Transnationalism proposes that the foreign policy behaviour of ethnic or minority elites can be explained in terms of their affective ties or ‘linked fate’ to their ancestral homeland. While Tillery acknowledges the importance of this theory, he argues that transnationalism is insufficient to mobilize the black elite and its followers to influence US policy towards Africa. Instead, he embraces the ‘logic of the two-level games’ in which the black elite will mobilize to influence US policy when such mobilization is consistent with, or will advance, domestic policy goals and will not create cross-pressure that threatens the domestic interests of the black elite. Leaders strategically calculate the benefits and...

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