# Manuscript Preparation Instructions

Submission
Manuscript format and structure
Journal copyediting style
Figures and illustrations
Permission to reproduce figures and extracts
Supplementary data
JEL codes
OPEN ACCESS
Proofs
Offprints

## SUBMISSION

Please read these instructions carefully and follow them closely to ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as efficient and quick as possible. The Editors reserve the right to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All material to be considered for publication in the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement should be submitted in electronic form to one of the Managing Editors:

## MANUSCRIPT FORMAT AND STRUCTURE

Please prepare your typescript text using a word-processing package (save in .doc, .docx or .rtf format). PDF files may be acceptable for some journals, especially if you have used LaTeX to write your manuscript. Typescripts should be double-spaced. Please number each page.

Any unusual characters (e.g. Hebrew, Greek or Arabic) or transcript/excerpts in linguistic journals which must not be altered during typesetting should be submitted in .pdf format so they may be treated as figures. Any Greek should be in a Unicode font, preferably Porson, and also in 12 pt. Transliterated Greek should only be used for words and phrases that are well established in English. Greek names and places should be Latinised as in OCD3: Socrates, Cyzicus.

Authors should email a single file containing the complete manuscript (i.e. title page, abstract, text, figures and tables), as this makes the reviewing process easier for Editors and referees. This applies to the original version of the manuscript and any revised versions. Due to figure file size constraints, you may have to submit separate files for figures. The location of Tables and Figures should be indicated in the text. Please also include the files for any other supplementary material to be submitted with your manuscript. It is recommended that authors spell-check all files before submission.

Please use short, simple filenames when saving all your documents, and avoid special characters, punctuation marks, symbols (such as &), and spaces. If you are a Macintosh user, you must also type the extension at the end of the file name you choose (.doc, .rtf, .jpg, .gif, .tif, .xls, .pdf, .eps, .ppt, .mov or .qt).

Other helpful hints are: (i) use the TAB key once for paragraph indents; (ii) where possible use Times New Roman for the text font and Symbol for any Greek and special characters; (iii) use the word processing formatting features to indicate Bold, Italic, Greek, Maths, Superscript and Subscript characters; (iv) please avoid using underline: for cases use italic; for emphasis use bold; (v) clearly identify unusual symbols and Greek letters; (vi) where there might be confusion, differentiate between the letter O and zero, and the letters I and l and the number 1.

The first page of the manuscript must give: title of paper, contributor names, and the full address (including email) of the author designated to receive proofs/correspondence, and total word count. An abstract of no more than 200 words should be included with all submissions. The name of the author(s) should appear at the beginning immediately under the title, with an asterisked footnote giving the present position of the author(s) and an address (including email) for contact by readers, together with any desired acknowledgements.

Headings should be to journal style. Compound words should be hyphenated.

Footnotes, indicated by superscript figures in the text, should be used for listing references. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively. Footnotes should be kept brief as possible and used primarily for reference purposes.

Authors are responsible for checking the accuracy of all footnotes and references.

Tables should be typed with double spacing, but minimizing redundant space, and each should be placed on a separate sheet. Each Table should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals. Tables should also have a title above and an explanatory footnote below, if required.

### Title page

The title should be short, specific and informative. The first name, initial(s), and surname of each author should be followed by his or her department, institution, city with postcode, and country. The fax, telephone number and Email address of the corresponding author should also be provided. It is editorial policy to list only one author for correspondence. Any changes of address may be given next to the Affiliations or Acknowledgements. A footnote stating 'The authors wish it to be known that, in their opinion, the first x authors should be regarded as joint First Authors' is permitted if requested. Any deletions or additions to the author list after acceptance of the paper must be submitted in writing, signed by all authors, to the appropriate editorial office.

It is important that authors ensure the following: (i) all names have the correct spelling and are in the correct order (first name, then family name); (ii) initials are correct. Occasionally, the distinction between surnames and forenames can be ambiguous, and this is to ensure that the authors’ full surnames and forenames are tagged correctly, for accurate indexing online.

### Abstract

The second page of the manuscript should contain the Abstract, which must not exceed 200 words. The Abstract should be comprehensible to readers before they have read the paper, and reference citations must be avoided. It is essential that the Abstract clearly states the manuscript’s importance to the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement.

### Abbreviations

Non-standard abbreviations should be defined at the first occurrence and introduced only where multiple use is made. Authors should not use abbreviations in headings.

### Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements and details of non-financial support must be included at the end of the text before references and not in footnotes. Personal acknowledgements should precede those of institutions or agencies.

### References

Full references should be provided in accordance with the style of the Journal of Antitrust Enforcement, which follows OSCOLA. Please see below for more details.

### Tables

All tables should be on separate pages and accompanied by a title, and footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Ditto signs are not used. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words. The format of tables should be in keeping with that normally used by the journal; in particular, vertical lines, coloured text and shading should not be used. Please be certain that the data given in tables are correct.

### Crossref Funding Data Registry

In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources in the manuscript. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.

## JOURNAL COPYEDITING STYLE

This journal follows OSCOLA style. Please view our mini style checklist for style guidance.

## FIGURES AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your figures either embedded in the word processing file or separately as low-resolution images (.jpg, .tif, .gif or. eps); (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required after acceptance to supply high-resolution .tif files. Minimum resolutions are 300 d.p.i. for colour or tone images, and 600 d.p.i. for line drawings. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into low-resolution images for online submission.

Figures will not be relettered by the publisher. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. Any photomicrographs, electron micrographs or radiographs must be of high quality. Wherever possible, photographs should fit within the print area or within a column width.

### Colour Illustrations

Authors are required to pay the full cost of reproduction of colour figures. Details of this will be provided after acceptance, where appropriate.

The Journal of Antitrust Enforcement also offers free reproduction of colour figures in the online version (figures in the print version will appear in black and white). If you require colour reproduction of figures in the print journal you will be asked to approve the cost. You will be issued an invoice at the time of publication. Figure captions must be suitably worded to apply to both the print and online versions of the article.

## PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE FIGURES AND EXTRACTS

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/access_purchase/rights_permissions.html. Should you require copies of this then please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the Oxford Journals Rights department on journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org.

For a copyright prose work, it is recommended that permission is obtained for the use of extracts longer than 400 words; a series of extracts totalling more than 800 words, of which any one extract is more than 300 words; or an extract or series of extracts comprising one-quarter of the work or more. For poetry: an extract of more than 40 lines; series of extracts totalling more than 40 lines; an extract comprising one-quarter or more of a complete poem.

Third-Party Content in Open Access papers:

If you will be publishing your paper under an Open Access licence but it contains material for which you do not have Open Access re-use permissions, please state this clearly by supplying the following credit line alongside the material:

Title of content
Author, Original publication, year of original publication, by permission of [rights holder]

This image/content is not covered by the terms of the Creative Commons licence of this publication. For permission to reuse, please contact the rights holder.

## SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures.

It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary data. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary data must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, and will not be edited. Please indicate clearly all material intended as supplementary data upon submission and name the files e.g. 'Supplementary Figure 1 Supplementary Data', etc. Also ensure that the supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example as '(see Supplementary data)' or '(see Supplementary Figure 1)'.

## JEL CODES

Authors should include JEL codes with manuscript during submission. Please provide the JEL codes with the first page material near the keywords. JEL codes should be provided as a combination of one letter and two numbers (e.g. Q04). If you have any question regarding JEL codes, please visit the following Web site: http://www.aeaweb.org/journal/jel_class_system.php.

It is a condition of publication for all Oxford Journals that authors either assign copyright or grant an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press or the sponsoring Society. This ensures that all of the necessary rights needed for publication of the article, including provision for any requests from third parties to reproduce content from the journals, are in place and are handled efficiently and consistently by OUP, enabling the content to be as widely disseminated as possible. No article will be published unless a licence has been signed. Any queries about the licence should be sent as soon as possible to Rights and Permissions so that any issues can be resolved quickly and to avoid any delay in publication.

Details of how to sign the licence using our online system will be sent after acceptance. Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published figures, tables, or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder’s permission must have been obtained prior to submission. For more information on how to obtain permissions, please consult Rights and Permissions.

## OPEN ACCESS

Authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in Journal of Antitrust Enforcement can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC BY-NC-ND)

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Charges for CC BY
Regular charge: £1850/ $3000 / €2450 Reduced Rate Developing country charge*: £925/$1500 / €1225
Free Developing country charge*: £0 /$0 / €0 Charges for CC BY-NC-ND Regular charge: £1850/$3000 / €2450
Reduced Rate Developing country charge*: £925/ $1500 / €1225 Free Developing country charge*: £0 /$0 / €0

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

## PROOFS

Authors are sent page proofs by email. These should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF within 3 working days (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.

## OFFPRINTS

Authors will receive electronic access to their paper free of charge. Printed offprints may be purchased in multiples of 100. Rates are indicated on the order form which must be returned with the proofs.