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Instructions to authors

Editorial Office

Editor–in–Chief, Foad Nahai, MD
Associate Editor, Jeffrey M. Kenkel, MD
Aesthetic Surgery Journal
c/o Phaedra Cress
3200 Downwood Circle, Suite 640
Atlanta, GA 30327
Tel: (800) 364-2147 or (562) 799-2356 ext. 302
E-mail: journal@surgery.org

Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein, including reader responses published in the Letters and Brief Communications section, are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the editors, the publisher, or the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), and the editors, the publisher, and ASAPS disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials. The editors, the publisher, and ASAPS do not guarantee, warrant, or endorse any product or service advertised in this publication, nor do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer of such product or service.


#Publication Ethics
#Experimental Ethics
#Clinical Trials
#Self-Archiving Policy
#Drug Disclaimer
#Material Disclaimer
#Manuscript Submission
#Page Proofs
#Advance Access
#Corresponding Author Information #License to Publish
#Article Types
#Article Type Descriptions



Authors should observe high standards with respect to publication ethics as set out by the Commission on Publication Ethics (COPE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Falsification or fabrication of data; plagiarism, including duplicate publication of the authors’ own work without proper citation; and misappropriation of work are all unacceptable practices. Any cases of ethical misconduct are treated very seriously and will be dealt with in accordance with COPE guidelines. Predatory publishers and journals are a serious phenomenon and one that we follow very carefully. These are publisher and journals that purport to be bonafide but in fact are not. In some instances, real journal names are copied closely to confuse authors, prompting them to submit and publish in these fake journals. We receive continuous reports about outreach from predatory publishers and suggest if questions arise, readers and authors consult these two resources: 
    1.    Jeffrey Beall’s curated list of predatory publishers and journals:https://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/. This website is considered the most detailed aggregate of offenders and is regularly updated.
    2.    ThinkCheckSubmit website: http://thinkchecksubmit.org/ that allows authors to confirm the legitimacy of journals and/or publishers by offering a detailed step-by-step checklist. This website is supported by: COPE, WAME, ICMJE, and OASPA and we encourage authors to follow these precautionary steps if they suspect predatory behavior.

WAME gives a useful overview of misconduct, using a slightly amended version of the US Office of Research Integrity definition of scientific misconduct and including these behaviors:
•    Falsification of data: ranges from fabrication to deceptive reporting of findings and omission of conflicting data, or willful suppression and/or distortion of data.
•    Plagiarism: The appropriation of the language, ideas or thoughts of another without crediting their true source and representation of them as one’s own original work.
•    Improprieties of authorship: improper assignment of credit, such as excluding others, misrepresentation of the same material as original in more than one publication, inclusion of individuals as authors who have not made a definite contribution to the work published or submission of multi-authored publications without the concurrence of all authors.
•    Misappropriation of the ideas of others: an important aspect of scholarly activity is the exchange of ideas among colleagues. Scholars can acquire novel ideas from others during the process of reviewing grant applications and manuscripts. However, improper use of such information can constitute fraud. Wholesale appropriation of such material constitutes misconduct.
•    Violation of generally accepted research practices: serious deviation from accepted practices in proposing or carrying out research, improper manipulation of experiments to obtain biased results, deceptive statistical or analytical manipulations, or improper reporting of results.
•    Material failure to comply with legislative and regulatory requirements affecting research: including but not limited to serious or substantial, repeated, willful violations of applicable local regulations and law involving the use of funds, care of animals, human subjects, investigational drugs, recombinant products, new devices, or radioactive, biological or chemical materials.
•    Inappropriate behavior in relation to misconduct: this includes unfounded or knowingly false accusations of misconduct, failure to report known or suspected misconduct, withholding of information relevant to a claim or misconduct and retaliation against persons involved in the allegation or investigation.
Many journals, including the Aesthetic Surgery Journal, also include redundant publication and duplicate publication, lack of declaration of competing interests and of funding/sponsorship, and other failures of transparency to be forms of misconduct.
Dealing with allegations of misconduct
We take seriously all possible misconduct. If an editor has concerns that a submitted article describes something that might be considered to constitute misconduct in research, publication or professional behavior, we will discuss the case in confidence among our editorial team. 
If the case cannot be resolved by discussion with the author(s) and the Editor still has concerns, the case may be reported to the appropriate authorities. If, during the course of reviewing an article, an editor is alerted to possible problems (for example, fraudulent data) in another publication, the editor should immediately alert the Editor in Chief here: journal@surgery.org
Readers that suspect misconduct in a published article are encouraged to report this to the Editor in Chief here: journal@surgery.org. Cases of research publication misconduct may be referred to COPE in an anonymised format if further guidance is required.


All authors listed on the manuscript should have contributed significantly to the design or implementation of the experiment or the analysis and interpretation of the data. All authors should have been involved in the writing of the manuscript at the draft and any revision stages and have read and approved the final version. Any other individuals who contributed to the experiment or the writing of the manuscript should be listed in the Acknowledgment section. We do not allow dual first authors. Any requests to list two persons as co-first authors within the manuscript can unfortunately not be approved. 
Corresponding author. More than one corresponding author is permitted for each manuscript, and both authors will appear on the correspondence line on the final article. However, only one can be considered the corresponding author in the manuscript submission system; thus, only the first author entered in the system will receive automated messages, such as editors’ decisions and page proofs.
Authorship Requirements. For guidelines on authorship, please refer to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals [PDF], formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The cover letter should state that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript.
Affiliations. Author affiliations and corresponding author information should be limited to your current or most important affiliation, which may include academic university affiliations or private practice name. Only one affiliation per author is permissible. If more than one is received, the first will be used.


By submitting your manuscript to the journal, it is understood that it is an original manuscript, is unpublished work, and is not under consideration elsewhere.

Authorship and "Umbrella" groups

Many large collaborative studies are organized under a group name that represents all the participants. All articles must have at least one named individual as author. Authors who wish to acknowledge the umbrella group from which the data originate should list the authors of the article, followed by "on behalf of the [GROUP NAME]". The members of the group should be listed individually in the acknowledgments section, and if correctly presented will ultimately be listed in Medline as ‘collaborators

Conflict of interest

At the point of submission, each author should reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated--including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual authors or for the associated departments or organizations, personal relationships, or direct academic competition.

If the manuscript is published, Conflict of Interest information, including if none was declared, will be communicated in a statement in the published paper.

Any changes made to the list of conflicts after the paper is accepted must be submitted in writing, signed by the appropriate authors (that is, the corresponding author and the author for whom the conflict exists), to the Aesthetic Surgery Journal editorial office


Human subjects

For manuscripts that describe experimental studies on human beings, the author should state in the manuscript that he or she has obtained institutional review board (IRB) approval and informed consent from patients. In those cases where IRB approval is unavailable, the guidelines of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Regulations for the Protection of Human Subjects or the Belmont Report must be followed. For international authors, the guidelines of the Declaration of Helsinki must be followed. Copies of these documents are available online at the following sites:

DHHS Regulations: http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/45cfr46.html
Belmont Report: http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.html   
Declaration of Helsinki: http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/

Animal experiments

For manuscripts that describe animal studies, the US Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals must be followed. Prior to submitting a manuscript, authors must read and agree to the Ethics in Publishing statement posted on the Journal website. This statement reflects key principles outlined in the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors' "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts" and the Council of Science Editors' "Editorial Policy Statement."


In accordance with the Clinical Trial Registration Statement from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), all clinical trials published in the journal must be registered in a public trials registry at or before the onset of participant enrollment.

The registry must be accessible to the public at no charge, searchable, open to all prospective registrants, managed by a not-for-profit organization, and include all the necessary information as specified by the ICMJE. A list of recommended registries can be found on the ICMJE website. Results posted in the same clinical trials registry in which the primary registration resides will not be considered prior publication if they are presented in the form of a brief abstract (<500 words or less) or a table.

Authors are requested to provide the exact URL and unique identification number for the trial registration at the time of submission. This information will be published in the article, and we ask that you include the URL and identification number on the title page of your manuscript.


For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page.


The mention of trade names or commercial products or organizations and the inclusion of advertisements in Aesthetic Surgery Journal does not imply endorsement by the Society, the editors, the editorial board, Oxford University Press, or the organization to which the authors are affiliated. The editors and publishers have taken all reasonable precautions to verify drug names and doses, the results of experimental work, and clinical findings published in Aesthetic Surgery Journal. The ultimate responsibility for the use and dosage of drugs mentioned in Aesthetic Surgery Journal and in the interpretation of published material lies with the medical practitioner, and the editors and publishers cannot accept liability for damages arising from any errors or omissions in Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Please inform the editors of any errors.


The opinions expressed in Aesthetic Surgery Journal are those of the authors and contributors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Society (American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery), the editors, the editorial board, the publisher (Oxford University Press), or the organization with which the authors are affiliated. Level of Evidence (LOE) categories presented in Aesthetic Surgery Journal reflect a judgment regarding the strength of the evidence that was available to our authors before publication and the relevant importance of benefits. We promote the use of evidence-based medicine in medical research and within Aesthetic Surgery Journal. The LOE for qualified articles will be reviewed by the Editor–in-Chief, the EBM Hub Co-Editors, and/or technical experts as appropriate. We use the ASPS LOE scale and classify levels as Therapeutic, Risk, or Diagnostic. We trust that our authors will confirm the accuracy of information presented to describe generally accepted practices. Other professionals in the field may have varying opinions; therefore, and because of advances in medical research we strongly suggest that readers personally verify specified treatments and drugs including manufacturers' guidance. It is the reader's responsibility to render their own professional decisions, and to appropriately advise and treat their own patients. 

The Aesthetic Surgery Journal endeavors to provide accurate and up-to-date information, but we do not warrant that it is, nor do our licensors who supply certain content linked to or otherwise accessible from our content. We do not advocate or endorse the use of any drug or therapy contained within, nor does it diagnose patients. Information published is provided on an ‘ s is' basis and to the fullest extent permitted by law, the Journal and its licensors assume no responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of this information or any other use of this information.


Aesthetic Surgery Journal authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory license to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences.

RCUK/Wellcome Trust funded authors publishing in Aesthetic Surgery Journal can use the Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY) for their articles.

All other authors may use the following Creative Commons licences:

• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC)
• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC BY-NC-ND)

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post.

Charges for the CC BY license:

  • Regular charge for ASAPS members: £2,000 / €2,600 / $3,200
  • Regular charge for non-society member: £2,350 / €3,050 / $3,750
  • Reduced Rate Developing country charge for ASAPS members*: £1,175 / €1,525 / $1,875
  • Reduced Rate Developing country charge for non- society members*: £1,175 / €1,525 / $1,875
  • Free Developing country charge*: £0 / €0 / $0

Charges for the CC BY-NC and CC BY-NC-ND licenses:

  • Regular charge for ASAPS members: £1,550 / €2,350 / $2,700
  • Regular charge for non-society member: £2,000 / €2,600 / $3,200
  • Reduced Rate Developing country charge for ASAPS members*: £1,000 / €1,300 / $1,600
  • Reduced Rate Developing country charge for non- society members*: £1,000 / €1,300 / $1,600
  • Free Developing country charge*: £0 / €0 / $0

*Click here for a list of qualifying countries.

Please note that these charges are in addition to any color/page charges Aesthetic Surgery Journal may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.


Submission of a manuscript to Aesthetic Surgery Journal implies the authors of the paper understand and fully accept the policies of the journal as detailed in these Instructions to Authors. Please read these instructions carefully and follow them strictly to ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as efficient and rapid as possible. The editors reserve the right to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All manuscripts submitted for possible publication, including text, tables, graphics, and supplementary materials, should be submitted online via the journal's online submission system at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/asjournal). Original source files are preferred (not PDF files). The author should specify a category designation for the manuscript (Original Article, Review, Case Report, etc.) and choose a set of classifications from the prescribed list available online. Authors may send queries concerning the submission process, manuscript status, or Journal procedures to the Editorial Office (journal@sugery.org). Once the submission files are uploaded, the system automatically generates an electronic (PDF) proof, which is then used for reviewing. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and any requests for revisions, will be by e-mail

Review Process
Submitted articles are first evaluated by the editors and, if judged appropriate, are peer-reviewed in a blinded fashion by at least two selected experts. These experts are queried about potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, between their work and any of the work described in the manuscript they are reviewing. Reviewers may be plastic surgeons, other medical/surgical specialists, researchers/scientists, or others with special expertise in a specific research area. When necessary, articles will be additionally reviewed by a statistician. The Journal makes every effort to notify authors of acceptance/rejection of their articles within one month of submission. Articles with particular timeliness may be fast-tracked for more rapid publication. Articles provisionally accepted for publication may be returned to the author for additions, clarifications, or alterations, in response to suggestions by the editor and reviewers, prior to final acceptance. Articles submitted by foreign authors are evaluated on the merit of the research or techniques presented, and imperfect command of the English language should not be a factor in acceptance or rejection. Articles may be edited for improved readability prior to publication. Although we are able to make minor edits, if we feel the manuscript requires extensive editing for English language, authors should obtain assistance from a copyeditor at their own expense. We are happy to make recommendations of copyeditors with whom we have worked and who are familiar with ASJ style. 

Copyright Statement
Copyright to all articles and supplementary tables, illustrations, or other information published in Aesthetic Surgery Journal will be held by the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Copyright forms are completed and submitted online according to instructions sent at the time of acceptance. The corresponding author will be asked to sign on behalf of all co-authors of the manuscript and is responsible for sharing the terms of the copyright transfer with his co-authors.

Conflicts of Interest
Aesthetic Surgery Journal requires all authors to acknowledge, on the title page of their manuscript, all funding sources that supported their work, as well as all institutional or corporate affiliations of the authors. In addition, at the time of submission of their manuscript, authors are also required to disclose to the editor, on a separate form, any relationships with public or private commercial or noncommercial entities, any institutional affiliations, or any personal associations that might pose a conflict of interest. These include, but are not limited to, employment, consultant arrangements, stock or other equity ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent licensing arrangements, benefits to the authors’ institutions, or payments for conducting or publicizing the study. Disclosure of dollar amounts is not required. Authors should describe the role of the study sponsor, if any, in study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing the report; and the decision to submit the report for publication. If the supporting source had no such involvement, the authors should so state. Authors should disclose potential conflicts of interest to study participants and should state in the manuscript that they have done so. Disclosures made by the authors will appear on the accepted manuscript in both the print and online editions of the Journal.

Crossref Funding Data Registry
In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.

Manuscript Preparation
Original contributions should be submitted online at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/asjournal. The text must conform to acceptable English usage. British English will be converted to American English per AMA style. In the case of foreign authors, English translation is required; however, the Journal will accept submissions from foreign authors that may require additional editing by journal staff prior to publication. Although we are able to make minor edits, if we feel the manuscript requires extensive editing for English language, authors should obtain assistance from a copyeditor at their own expense. We are happy to make recommendations of copyeditors with whom we have worked and who are familiar with ASJ style. If abbreviations cannot be avoided, use the expanded form when first mentioned and abbreviate thereafter. Use generic drug and equipment names (with tradenames and the manufacturer's name and location listed in parentheses afterward).

Title Page
The title page should include the full name(s) of author(s), academic degrees, institutional affiliations, and current status. Give the complete mailing address, business and home telephone numbers, and fax number of the author to whom correspondence should be directed. Do not type authors' names on the manuscript pages.

How to Make Your Article Title More Visible and Your Article More Discoverable
Here are a few tips that should help your article receive the broadest attention possible:

  1. Your title should be keyword-laden; every word should make the title clearer to aid reader searches and discoverability.
  2. Your title should be clear, concise and specific to your topic. If your article includes a guide, tutorial, or video, include that element in the title so it is not overlooked.
  3. Keep your title under 60 characters, if possible. That is the amount of text that will show up in Google’s search results. 
  4. If possible, avoid defining specific geographic locales in titles as this makes the appeal of the research content localizes versus more global.
  5. Place keywords closer to the beginning of the title. This is useful for ranking and users are more likely to click them. 


All authors listed on the manuscript should have contributed significantly to the experimental design, its implementation, or analysis and interpretation of the data. All authors should have been involved in the writing of the manuscript at draft and any revision stages, and have read and approved the final version. Any other individuals who contributed to the experiment or the writing of the manuscript should be listed in the Acknowledgment section. Excessive authorship lists (more than 20 contributors) will be evaluated by the editorial office and some authors may be moved to the Acknowledgement section if they are not full contributors.
Authorship Requirements. For guidelines on authorship, please refer to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The cover letter should state that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript.

Abstracts should not exceed 250 words and should appear on the first page after the title page. The abstract should be factual, not descriptive, and present the key points in the manuscript. The structure should include the following headings: Background; Objective (including the major hypothesis tested, if any); Methods (study design, the setting, sample, and measures used to collect data); Results (major outcomes and statistical significance, if appropriate); Conclusions (the significance of results). Note that some categories of articles (e.g. Case Reports, Reviews, Featured Operative Techniques, and Special Topics) use unstructured abstracts.

References must be cited consecutively in the text as superscript numerals and listed on a separate sheet in numerical order at the end of the text. Reference format should conform to that set forth in American Medical Association Manual of Style, 10th ed. Journal abbreviations should conform to the style used in Cumulated Index Medicus. Each reference should include the following:

For Journals
Authors' names and initials, title of article, journal name, date, volume number, and inclusive pages (list all authors when six or fewer; when six or more, list only three and add "et al").

Sarris GE, Moore KA, Schroeder JS, et al. Cardiac transplantation: The Stanford experience in the cyclosporine era. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1994;108:240-252.

Morrow WR, Smith VC, Ehler WJ, VanDellen AF, Mjllins CE. Balloon angioplasty with stent implantation in experimental coarctation of the aorta. Circulation 1994;89:2677-2683.

For Books
Authors' names, chapter title, editor's name, book title, edition, city, publisher, date, and pages:

Kouchoukos NT, Wareing TH. Management of complications of aortic surgery. In: Waldhausen JA, Orringer MB, eds. Complications in Cardiothoracic Surgery. 1st ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1991:224-236.

Unpublished data and personal communications should not be listed as references. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their references.

Illustrations should be submitted online along with the manuscript and should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text. Each figure should be a separate file. Typewritten or freehand lettering is unacceptable. All lettering must be done professionally and should be in proportion to the drawing, graph, or photograph. Photographs with good black-and-white contrast or color balance are preferred. The Journal can not accept poor quality illustrations or images.

All images should be at least 5 inches wide. Images should be provided in EPS, JPEG, or TIFF format. Graphics software such as Photoshop and Illustrator should be used in the creation of the art. Illustrations created with presentation software such as PowerPoint, CorelDraw, or Harvard Graphics cannot be accepted. Color images must be CMYK, at least 300 DPI. Grayscale images should be at least 300 DPI. Combinations of grayscale and line art should be at least 1000 DPI with a proof. Line art (black and white or color) should be at least 1000 DPI.

Preoperative and postoperative photographs should show the patient at the same distance and angle and with the same body pose and/or facial expression. Preoperative and postoperative photographs should be taken with the same background color, lighting, film, and lens type. For facial photography, when possible, patients should be shown without makeup and jewelry, both preoperatively and postoperatively. If patients prefer not to remove makeup, both preoperative and postoperative makeup should be similar. In addition, if patients are amenable, pulling hair and bangs off the face in both preoperative and postoperative photographs illustrating facial procedures is preferred. Written consent must be obtained for all images featuring faces and with any identifiable marks such as scars or tattoos.

For photographs illustrating breast or body contouring procedures, distracting clothing of any kind should be avoided within the photographic field. In no instance should postoperative results, including scars, be obscured by clothing.

If a patient revokes consent of their likeness being published in the Journal, you must notify the Journal staff prior to any publication. If the author revokes consent after publication, we will be unable to accommodate the request.

Video Clip Submission
For ease of download, the recommended upper limit for the size of a single MMC file is 100 MB; 10 MB is recommended.

All videos must include either English-language narration (preferred) or subtitles (in English) as a guide to the viewer.

For acceptable formats, extensions, and other details, please contact the Editorial Office (journal@surgery.org).

Figure Legends
The figure legends should be provided after the Reference List.  If an illustration has been previously published, the legend must give full credit to the original source.

Tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. They should be self-explanatory and numbered in consecutive order according to their mention in the text. A brief title should be provided for each table. If a table, or any data therein, has been published previously, full credit to the original source must be given in a footnote.

Supplementary Data

Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript but would nevertheless benefit the reader can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The Editors reserve the right to publish appendices and other supplementary data online-only rather than in print. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper but should contain data that are additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets and data analysis, or additional figures.
It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary data. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary data must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, and will not be edited. Please indicate clearly all material intended as supplementary data upon submission. Also ensure that the supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary: for example "(see Supplementary data)" or "(see Supplementary Figure 1)".

Invited Commentaries

Invited commentaries of accepted manuscripts may be requested by the editors. Manuscript preparation for a commentary is the same as that for an original contribution. The title page for a Commentary should include the title of the original article, the list of authors of that article, and the words "Commentary by," followed by the list of authors of the commentary.

Language Editing

Language editing, if your first language is not English, to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers is optional. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. For further information on this service, please click here. Several specialist language editing companies offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.


Authors are sent page proofs by email. These should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF via the online proofing system within 2 working days (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.


Advance Access articles are published online soon after they have been accepted for publication, in advance of their appearance in a printed journal. Appearance in Advance Access (in either of the models below) constitutes official publication, and the Advance Access version can be cited by a unique DOI (Digital Object Identifier). When an article appears in an issue, it is removed from the Advance Access page.

Articles posted for Advance Access have been copyedited and typeset and any corrections included. This is before they are paginated for inclusion in a specific issue of the journal. Once an article appears in an issue, both versions of the paper continue to be accessible and citable.


The authors’ cover letter should state that neither the submitted paper nor any similar paper, in whole or in part, other than an abstract or preliminary communication, has been or will be submitted to or published in any other source. Once an article is accepted for publication in Aesthetic Surgery Journal, the information therein is embargoed from reporting by the print media until the journal’s issue date and embargoed from reporting by all other media until it is published.


Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press (OUP) may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication, OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.


Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford, authors will be invited to complete an online copyright license to publish form. Once invited, the license form should be signed within 24 hours. If we have not received confirmation of signature by the time the manuscript arrives, your manuscript may be delayed.

It is a condition of publication for all Oxford Journals that authors grant an exclusive license to Oxford University Press or the sponsoring society. This ensures that all of the necessary rights needed for publication of the article are in place including provision for any requests from third parties to reproduce content from the journals are handled efficiently and consistently by OUP, enabling the content to be as widely disseminated as possible. No article will be published unless the signed license has been received at Oxford Journals. Within a few days, a license form link will be sent by OUP Production to the corresponding author. The first line of the email will read: "Welcome to Oxford Journals!" Please note that, in order for your article to publish, it is imperative that you visit the link provided and sign your License to Publish form as soon as possible. Without your signed consent, Oxford Journals cannot publish your article. The sooner your signature is received, the sooner your work can be disseminated. Any queries about the license form should be sent as soon as possible to Rights and permissions so that any issues can be resolved quickly and to avoid any delay in publication. Any queries about the license form should be sent as soon as possible to Permissions.

As part of the terms of the license agreement, authors may use their own material in other publications written or edited by themselves, provided that the journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication by Oxford University Press. Authors retain copyright of their Articles (or their employer’s do if the employer claims copyright). For more information of Oxford Journals' copyright policy and the authors' rights under the terms of the license.

Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published figures, tables, or parts of text are to be included, the copyright-holder’s permission must have been obtained prior to submission. For more information on how to obtain permissions, please consult Rights and Permissions.


Authors will receive electronic access to their paper free of charge. Printed offprints may be purchased. Rates are indicated on the order form, which must be returned with the proofs.


Permission to reproduce copyright material for print and online publication in perpetuity must be cleared and if necessary, paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS, and similar licensing agencies as appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors. It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgments as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section. Should you require copies of this, please contact the Aesthetic Surgery Journal editorial office or the Oxford Journals Rights department.

In order to reproduce any third party material, including figures or tables, in an article authors must obtain permission from the copyright holder and be compliant with any requirements the copyright holder may have pertaining to this reuse.
When seeking to reproduce any kind of third-party material authors should request the following:
(i) non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the specified article and journal;
(ii) electronic rights, preferably for use in any form or medium;
(iii) the right to use the material for the life of the work; and
(iv) world-wide English-language rights.
Further guidelines on clearing permissions can be found at: http://www.oxfordjournals.org/access_purchase/permissions_guidelines.doc.
Authors should also include a statement indicating that permission has been obtained in the relevant legend/footnote and provide the Editorial Office with copies of any relevant paperwork.
A template permissions request letter can be found at the end of the above document.


Aesthetic Surgery Journal publishes the following article types:

* Original Articles

* Review Articles, including CME

* Preliminary Reports

* Featured Operative Techniques

* Special Topics

* Case Reports

* My Way

* Letters to the Editor

* Commentaries (By invitation only)

* Book Reviews (By invitation only)

* Editorials (By invitation only)


*Invited Paper



All Articles: When applicable, a Level of Evidence should be included for all research containing evidence-based medicine. This is selected by the author within ScholarOne upon submission, and confirmed by the Editor in Chief after acceptance.  An international contribution logo will be added to all articles published for whom the lead or corresponding author resides outside the United States. Articles published by authors of an international affiliate partner will receive an International Affiliate logo. All authors must declare all potential conflicts of interest and any financial support with regard to the research, authorship, or publication of the article. 

Figure Legends: The following information should accompany each clinical photograph: the patient’s age and gender, the presenting complaint, the procedure the patient underwent, and the postoperative time when each photograph was taken. Where figures or tables are reproduced or adapted, proper permission should be given in the legend after the author obtains the publisher’s permission to re-use the work.

Book Reviews (by invitation only): ASJ invites industry experts to review newly published textbooks and set the book review in the context of the field. Book Reviews are normally solicited, but aspiring reviewers may propose writing a review to the editorial office for consideration. Book reviews are published online-only and are approximately 1,000 words or less.

Case Reports: Case Reports provide focused reporting of Original Article findings. These short articles discuss the presentation, treatment course, and outcomes of a particular aesthetic procedure in one or two patients. These reports generally present findings that are new (ie, they have not yet been investigated or reported in a large series of patients) or anomalous. Case Reports should include an unstructured abstract, a thorough description of each case, and a discussion of how your findings fit into the existing literature. Case Reports generally include 1,000 to 1,500 words, up to 6 figures and tables in total, and up to 35 references.

Commentaries (by invitation only): The editors of ASJ may invite a topical expert to write a Commentary to accompany an article. Authors of Commentaries express their perspectives, provide clinical insight, and discuss any shortcomings seen in the study and/or opportunities for further study in the future. Commentaries generally include 1,000 to 1,500 words, 1 figure or table, and up to 10 references.

Editorials (by invitation only): ASJ publishes one Editorial per issue that is authored by the Editor in Chief, Editorial Board members, or personally invited by the Editor-in-Chief. Editorials may provide perspective on a “hot topic”; a thematic issue based on a published article; or trends and innovations in aesthetic surgery. Editorials generally include 1,500 to 2,000 words, up to 2 figures and tables in total, and up to 10 references.

Featured Operative Techniques: Featured Operative Technique (FOT) articles are generally solicited by the members of the Editorial Board. FOT articles provide a practical, relevant, step-by-step guide to a specific medical operation. Although most of the article will focus on the surgical method, the article should also contain summary information about patient outcomes documented using the author’s method. An FOT generally includes 3,000 to 4,000 words, up to 15 figures and tables in total, and up to 30 references.

Letters to the Editor: Letters to the Editor typically present interesting findings to stimulate future research, or allow a reader to respond to a previously published article. ASJ makes every effort to publish accepted Letters to the Editor rapidly. Letters to the Editor are typically 500-750 words and include up to 5 images/tables and 5 references. We will accept Letters to the Editor based on published work up to 12 months after publication, or at the discretion of the EditorinChief.

My Way: My Way articles are designed to include tips, tricks, and innovations that on their own may not be a large enough topic for a full paper, but are useful and worth sharing with our readers. A video and photographs (at least one set of before-and-after photographs, if applicable) are required for each My Way article. My Way articles generally include 1,000 to 1,500 words, up to 5 figures and tables in total, and up to 35 references.

Original Articles (and Preliminary Reports): Original Article/Preliminary Report manuscripts are designed to be a full scientific report on the technique, outcomes, and complications of a specific procedure. Original Articles should include a structured abstract (Background, Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions), and a separate section in the main article for each of the following: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. Preliminary Reports are formatted in the same manner as Original Articles, but usually include a smaller patient cohort and describe a procedure or technique that has not yet been fully validated. Original Articles are generally 4,000-5,000 words and include approximately 15-20 figures and tables in total, and up to 50 references.

Review Articles (including CME): Review Articles (including Continuing Medical Education articles) provide a review of all existing academic literature on a specific topic and should cover the current “best practices” in that particular field. We prefer systematic over narrative reviews. Systematic reviews should summarize a body of evidence aiming to answer a specific clinical question about diagnostic, prognostic, or therapeutic clinical practices. Narrative reviews outside this area should focus on cutting-edge and evolving developments and how these affect the aesthetic surgeon’s practice. The main text of a review article should contain information about anatomy, evaluation, technique options (surgical/nonsurgical), outcomes, complications, and safety issues. The abstract should be unstructured. Reviews are generally 4,000-5,000 words and include approximately 15-20 figures and tables in total, and up to 65 references. CME articles are typically invited by the editorial board or publish as part of a supplement.

Special Topics: Special Topic articles are those that do not fit into one of ASJ’s main sections (Breast Surgery, Facial Surgery, Oculoplastic Surgery, Body Contouring, Rhinoplasty, Cosmetic Medicine, Genital Rejuvenation, and Research). As such, they follow a customized format that is appropriate to the topic, which may not lend itself to the traditional Methods/Results/Discussion/Conclusions format. Some past Special Topic articles have been written on social media in aesthetic surgery, marketing, and healthcare reform. These articles are typically invited by the editor in chief. Special Articles generally includes 2,000 to 3,000 words, up to 8 figures and tables in total, and up to 25 references.

Video Reviews: ASJ welcomes reviews of academic videos that further the knowledge and understanding of cosmetic surgery. All reviews will be published online-only and the inclusion of live links to the videos in brief or full form is encouraged. Videos must describe clinical content or research. Each review should be between 500 and 1,000 words. For a review of multiple videos in one submission, the length can be multiplied by the number of individual videos being reviewed (e.g. 3 videos may be up to 3,000 words).  The author of the video must be credited by name and title within the review. No tables or figures will be accepted and up to 5 references are permissible.

Video reviews should follow the criteria below. Scene by scene summaries will not be accepted:

  1. Clinical approach and applications (30 to 35%). Discuss the therapy, intervention, theory, major tenets, clinical work, or the expert(s) interviewed and their approach. Discuss how the approach reflects the specialization as a whole as well as its clinical applications. Where possible compare/contrast related approaches. Quotes from the video are encouraged.
  2. Scientific literature relevant to the approach (30 to 35%). Discuss the literature of related approaches, if relevant, and the theory prior to the development of this approach to provide context.
  3. Educational elements (10 to 20%). Discuss the relevance of the approach to its target audience. Assess whether the video reaches its intended audience.
  4. Limitations (10 to 20%). Discuss the limitations of the following: the approach (areas not covered, missing), its application to the field, educational elements, and video’s structure.
  5. Technical elements (5 to 10%). Assess the quality of the video, whether the technical elements interfere or enhance the video, and the structure and set-up of the video (e.g., interview, session, Q & A, etc.).


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