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Instructions for Reviewers

The Purpose of Peer Review

Peer review is a critical element of scholarly publication, and one of the major cornerstones of the scientific process. It ensures that published research is sound and properly verified and improves the quality of the research. Your comments will have a major influence on our decision about the manuscript, and the author(s) will benefit from your feedback.

Before Agreeing to Review

We ask our reviewers to submit their comments within 10 days of agreeing to review a manuscript, to offer the authors a timely decision, although extensions can be granted. If you do not have time to review the manuscript, please let the Editor/Editorial Office know by clicking the decline link so it formally registers within ScholarOne. Suggestions for alternative reviewers are always welcome.


Reviewers for the Aesthetic Surgery Journal are selected by the Editorial team on the basis of their knowledge of the field. Ours is a double-blind peer review system. In short, this means that the reviewers do not know the identity of the author and the author does not know who reviewed his/her manuscript. Please take care not to identify yourself or your institution in your comments or within any document you supply. The material you review is confidential and must not be used for your own work. You should not discuss the manuscript with anyone directly involved in the review process. Under no circumstances should you disclose, copy, share, or distribute any of the manuscript files or any of your related comments. In the event of queries, you must not contact the authors directly, but must raise the queries with the Editorial Office.

Conflict of Interest

As a reviewer, your task is to critically and constructively judge the content of a manuscript. If there is any reason that you cannot objectively judge a manuscript due to a potential conflict of interest, we ask that you decline the invitation to review. Examples of a conflict of interest include but are not limited to:

  • Your current trainees or students
  • Family relations
  • Authors at your current institution
  • Authors whose research you fund or who fund you
  • Collaborators in the past two years
  • A conflict or dispute with you
  • Those in direct competition with you
  • Financial or relevant investment in a product, device, or service mentioned in the manuscript

As noted above, the Aesthetic Surgery Journal employs a double-blind peer review process, so the authors will not be identified to you. However, it is possible, on occasion, to be aware of an author’s identity due to their writing style, the inclusion of technical details in the study, cited references or other similar reasons. If you are able to deduce an author’s identity and feel that you cannot provide an impartial review, we ask that you notify the Editorial Office (journal@surgery.org).

Reviewing a Paper

As a reviewer, it is important that you remain objective in your critical appraisal. You should not allow your personal prejudice about research topics or researchers to influence your judgment. Peer review is a learning process, so please remember that your comments should be professional and courteous, and should help the author(s) to improve their paper and present their research as clearly and concisely as possible. Your job is not to re-write the manuscript or copyedit it for grammar and syntax. We do appreciate your pointing out specific errors that may occur, but it is not your role to edit word by word.

When reviewing a paper, you should take into consideration the following:

  • Originality and quality: Is the paper of sufficient interest for publication in the journal? Does it contribute significantly to the current academic literature? Is the topic handled substantively and accurately in appropriate detail and scope? An introductory paragraph placing the manuscript in a broader context, giving your overall impression, is appropriate.
  • Structure: Does the paper follow the journal’s formatting guidelines?
  • Engagement with previous research and results (e.g., does the author[s] engage with current/relevant research in the field?)
  • Be concrete: For example, if you want the authors to cite a specific paper, give details about the paper, preferably the full citation.
  • Be clear: Make specific recommendations to the authors. Say what you want them to do and why. Be clear about what you think the problems are.
  • Be blunt and concise: Your comments are reviewed by our team and will not be directly shared with authors.
  • Language: You do not need to correct the English, however, if a paper is difficult to understand due to grammatical errors, please mention this in your report.

Publishing Ethics

Reviewers should report any breach of publishing ethics they identify directly to the Editorial Office. The following may constitute a breach:

  • Plagiarism
  • Self-plagiarism
  • Manipulated images/photos/figures
  • Biased reference list
  • Duplicate publication
  • Data from a previous publication reused without proper referencing
  • Redundant publication
  • Unstated conflicts of interest or funding

Submitting Your Report

Please submit your report through the Aesthetic Surgery Journal online submission system, ScholarOne Manuscripts, at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/asjournal

If you need any assistance, please contact the Editorial Office: journal@surgery.org

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