Correspondence address: Heike Goudriaan, Leiden University, Faculty of Law, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, PO Box 9520, 2300 RA Leiden, the Netherlands; e-mail: email@example.com.
Heike Goudriaan, Karin Wittebrood, Paul Nieuwbeerta; Neighbourhood Characteristics and Reporting Crime: Effects of Social Cohesion, Confidence in Police Effectiveness and Socio-Economic Disadvantage. Br J Criminol 2006; 46 (4): 719-742. doi: 10.1093/bjc/azi096
Various scholars have suggested that neighbourhood social cohesion and confidence in police effectiveness influence the probability that victims report crime to the police, but this has never been properly tested. Neighbourhood socio-economic disadvantage is also often assumed to influence reporting, but empirical support is limited. This study examines the effects of these three characteristics on Dutch victims’ reporting decision. Data from a large-scale victimization survey are merged with data on characteristics of neighbourhoods to test the hypotheses. Hierarchical logistic modelling is used to analyse the nested data. The results show that, in addition to crime and victim features, neighbourhood social cohesion and socio-economic disadvantage affect reporting. Neighbourhood confidence in police effectiveness does not have an effect.