The primary goal of this book is to provide a partial description of our non-demonstrative inferences. Lipton calls his description ‘Inference to the Best Explanation’ (IBE). Though many philosophers tout IBE as vital to both scientific and commonsense reasoning, articulations of just what IBE amounts to have been sparse. This excellent book endeavors to map the essential features of that philosophical terrain. Embracing a causal model of explanation, Lipton notes that just which parts of a causal story are explanatory will depend on our interests, namely, which particular contrast between fact and foil we desire to explain. Different foils can call for different explanations, which will pick out different elements of the given fact's causal history. Just how do we pick out...

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