Reverse inference in cognitive neuropsychology has been characterized as inference to ‘psychological processes’ from ‘patterns of activation’ revealed by functional magnetic resonance or other scanning techniques. Several arguments have been provided against the possibility. Focusing on Machery’s ([2014]) presentation, we attempt to clarify the issues, rebut the impossibility arguments, and propose and illustrate a strategy for reverse inference.

  • 1The Problem of Reverse Inference in Cognitive Neuropsychology

  • 2The Arguments

  •   2.1The anti-Bayesian argument

  • 3Patterns of Activation

  • 4Reverse Inference Practiced

  • 5Seek and Ye Shall Find, Maybe

  • 6Conclusion

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