J.M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies, Baylor University
Waco, Texas, USA
Address correspondence to Francis J. Beckwith, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Church-State Studies and Associate Director of the J. M. Dawson Institute of Church-State Studies, Baylor University, P.O. Box 97308, Waco, TX 76798-7308. Website: http://francisbeckwith.com. Email: email@example.com
The purpose of this essay is to offer support for the substance view of persons, the philosophical anthropology defended by Patrick Lee in his essay. In order to accomplish this the author (1) presents a brief definition of the substance view; (2) argues that the substance view has more explanatory power in accounting for why we believe that human persons are intrinsically valuable even when they are not functioning as such (e.g., when one is temporarily comatose), why human persons remain identical to themselves over time, and why it follows from these points that the unborn are human persons; and (3) responds to two arguments that attempt to establish the claim that the early human being is not a unified substance until at least fourteen days after conception.