Severe poverty affects many Filipinos and has consequences on the educational opportunities for children. We are particularly interested in this problematic, especially concerning children living in slums in Manila. In 2009, 26.5 percent of the Filipino population lived below the national poverty line (The World Bank, 2013). Despite government efforts to reduce poverty, many Filipinos live in a very precarious situation. One consequence of this poverty is the development of slums, mostly in major urban areas. The emergence of slums is the result of different socio-economic phenomena. The significant population growth in urban areas of developing countries often leads to the migration of rural people to major cities, with the hope of better life conditions (Fontaine, 2012). The lack of appropriate structural actions from the authorities to satisfy...

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