In recent years, maritime conflicts between China and the United States have occurred successively in the sea areas around China. Legally, these conflicts were caused by the different interpretation and application between the two countries of the LOS Convention or the customary international law rules reflected in the Convention, including mainly, firstly, jurisdiction over military activities, such as military surveys in the EEZ; and secondly, marine scientific research and classification of activities of marine data collection. China's practices conform with the Convention and the contemporary international practice. However, as a non-State-party to the Convention, the United States has taken advantage of the parts of the Convention that are in its own interests and is trying to escape from the relevant international legal obligations.

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