Sport participation is one hallmark of American childhood and adolescence. Approximately 25 million children and adolescents play competitive sports within schools and 30 to 45 million participate in at least one school or community-based athletic program (NYU Child Study Center, 2010). Young people who participate in sports earn higher grades, manage their time better, make quicker decisions, and experience better professional outcomes when compared with their nonathlete peers (Engle & Gurian, 2004). Because of the mentorship, time spent, and attention given, coaches contribute enormously to the development of student-athletes. Primary and secondary school coaches might have an even greater influence over student-athletes because, in many cases, they are also their teachers.

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The occurrence of sexual abuse among youths, particularly those in junior high and high school participating in school sports, is a phenomenon that has received very little attention...

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