Stemmatology aims at gaining understanding of the development and copying history of a textual tradition, based on the surviving witnesses of the text. Typically, this includes the task of identifying for each witness the source text from which it was copied. In a textual tradition, every copyist makes alterations, errors, and corrections (that can be either correct or not), which gradually mutate the contents of the text. When the extant versions are placed in a stemma, i.e. a graph representing the copying relationships, a scholar can attempt to reconstruct the earlier textual versions by reversing the process along the branches of the stemma. Anyone who has attempted such a task is well aware of the fact that it is subject to uncertainty arising from a number of sources, and...

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