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Instructions to authors

Contributors are asked to make every effort to comply with these guidelines, in order to help ensure speedy publication. Please pay particular attention to the instructions on double-spacing of text, and on the presentation of artwork.



Online Submission



Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains unpublished original material and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Contributions should not normally exceed 9,000 words in length for full papers. Shorter articles (containing material of a more general nature) should not exceed 5,000 words and reports on research in progress should not be longer than 3,000 words. Each category may well be less than the limits indicated.

All manuscripts must be submitted online. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below please visit the online submission web site. Instructions on submitting your manuscript online can be viewed here

Online Submission

All material to be considered for publication should be submitted in electronic form via the Journal's online submission system at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/llc
Given that you can produce a file of your paper through a word processing package of some description, you only need the three following items to access and use the system: access to the website via a web browser, Adobe Acrobat Reader (which can be downloaded free of charge from http://www.adobe.com/) and an e-mail account.


The URL for DSH's online submission and peer review site is: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/llc. Please note that there is an Online User Guide (a comprehensive online help system that provides detailed descriptions of every feature and function in Manuscript Central. It also contains printable versions of the user guide, search and index capability, and movie tutorials for basic tasks). It is available from the Get Help Now button on the Manuscript Central site.
You will need a User ID and Password in order to access the online submission site. If you are unsure about whether or not you have an account, or have forgotten your password, enter your e-mail address into the Password Help section on the right-hand side of the log in screen. If you do not have an account, you can create one by clicking on the Create Account link at the top of the log in screen and following the on-screen instructions. If you have problems with your account please do not create another account, please contact the Editor.
Please note that papers submitted via Manuscript Central must be submitted through the account of the corresponding author listed on the paper, not through the account of one of the other authors or the account of a third party who is not on the author list.

All correspondence relating to a submission (e.g. acknowledgement of receipt, communication of decisions etc.) will be sent via e-mail to the corresponding author.

Preparing your manuscript prior to online submission

Please note: This journal does not accept Microsoft Word 2007 documents at this time. Please use Word's "Save As" option to save your document as an older (.doc) file type.

Prepare your manuscript using a word processing program (please see the Article format section). The journal prefers all manuscripts submitted online to be Microsoft Word files (.doc). During the online submission process these will be converted automatically to .pdf files (for peer review). If you are unable to submit a Word file, you can submit manuscripts in other formats, for example as .pdf, .rtf or .ps files. These last two file types will also be converted into .pdf format on submission. pdf files are readable with Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available for download (free of charge) from the Systems Requirements link on the log in page (as well as from http://www.adobe.com/).

Microsoft Excel spreadsheets may be uploaded and will be converted into .pdf format. Please note that the uploading of PowerPoint files is barred owing to their large size. Powerpoint slides can be saved as .tif, .jpg or .gif files and then embedded in a document and uploaded.
We prefer that authors upload the text and figure files separately. This applies to the original version of the manuscript and any revised versions. Don't forget to switch on CONTINUOUS line numbering. To do this in Word, use File, Page Setup, Layout, Line Numbers and select continuous line numbering. Please DO NOT insert page numbers (as the pdf proof created by the online submission system will automatically be page numbered).

Please also upload high-resolution versions of your figures as these will be needed on acceptance. High-resolution figures need to be 300 dpi for image-type figures and 600 dpi for line diagrams.

Image files should be saved in one of the following formats - Joint Photographic Experts Group (.jpg); Graphics Interchange Format (.gif); Tagged Image File format (.tif); or Encapsulated PostScript (.eps). When inserting figures into your text documents, please make sure any embedded text is large enough to read. Many figures contain miniscule characters such as numbers on a chart or graph. If these characters are not easily readable in your text document, they will most likely be illegible in the .pdf created by the system. Certain image formats such as .jpg and .gif do not have high resolutions, so you may elect to save your figures and insert them as .tif instead.

Please use short, simple filenames when saving all your documents, and avoid special characters (such as brackets), punctuation marks and symbols (such as &). Also avoid spaces in your filenames. If you are a Macintosh user, in addition to using simple, short filenames when saving your documents, you must type the extension at the end of the file name you choose (.doc, .rtf, .jpg, .gif, .tif, .xls, .pdf, .eps, .mov or .qt).
During the online manuscript submission process you can also upload any other files you might want the Editor/reviewers to have access to, including in-press and submitted papers.

Before you start

Before starting the online submission process please make sure you have the following available:

  • A file with your complete manuscript (i.e. title page, abstract, text, figures and tables) in one of the formats detailed above;
  • If the images are not embedded in your text file (preferred), the image files;
  • The files for any other supplementary material to be submitted with your manuscript;
  • The text of your abstract (can be copied and pasted into the system from your word processor file);
  • Where appropriate, the names and e-mail addresses of all contributing authors.

Submitting your manuscript

1. Go to the website at: http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/llc

2. If you have a User ID and password for the site, log in. If you are unsure about whether or not you have an account, or have forgotten your password, enter your e-mail address into the Password Help section on the right-hand side of the log in screen. If you do not have an account, you can create one by clicking on the Create Account link at the top of the log in screen and following the on-screen instructions.
If you have problems with your account please do not create another account. Please contact the DSH Editor.

3. Once you have logged in, click on the Author Centre button (as an author, you will use the Author Centre to start the manuscript submission process as well as to track the status of your submitted manuscripts. You can also open recent communications regarding your submission here).

4. On the left-hand side of the Author Centre Dashboard you will see links to all of your manuscripts and their current status. The number indicates the number of manuscripts that fall into each status category. Clicking on the name of any of these status categories will refresh the page to show the detailed list for that category at the bottom of the screen. On the right-hand side of the Author Centre Dashboard is the Author Resources area. This section allows you to begin the submission process for a new manuscript as well as view the 10 most recent emails sent to you from the Manuscript Central site.

5. Click on the Click here to submit a new manuscript link in the Author Resources area. Clicking on this link will take you to step 1 of the seven-step process of submitting a manuscript. The progress bar on the left-hand side of the screen will help you navigate the process.

6. At any stage you can stop the submission process - everything you have typed in to the system will be saved. To continue a submission, click on the Continue Submission icon.

7. The penultimate step in the submission process is to upload your manuscript files.

  • Step 1. Select individual files using the "Browse" buttons and choose the appropriate "File designation".
  • Step 2. Upload your files by clicking on the "Upload files" button. This converts your files to PDFs and may take some time. Repeat these steps if you have more than 3 files.
  • Step 3. Once you have uploaded all files, indicate the order in which they should appear in your paper.
  • Step 4. Inspect the PDF by clicking on a PDF button and if acceptable click "Next". If the files have not been uploaded to your satisfaction you can delete the files you do not want, and repeat the upload/ordering process.

8. The final step in the manuscript submission process is to review all of the information you have entered to this point, and view the PDF proof of the manuscript (if you have not already done so). My Manuscript Information lists each step with its filled-in values. If a step is complete, there will be a green tick next to the step. If it is incomplete, there will be a red cross along with a message indicating exactly what is incomplete. Once you have completed the submission process to your satisfaction click on the Submit button. It is not until this button is clicked that the manuscript and all of the associated information (i.e. contributing authors, institutions, etc.) is linked together and the manuscript is given a manuscript number.

9. If your manuscript has been successfully submitted to the Journal you will see a confirmation screen showing your manuscript ID, please make a note of your manuscript ID and use it in all correspondence. You will also receive an e-mail confirming the submission.
If you do not receive both of these, your manuscript will not have been successfully submitted to the journal and it cannot be progressed through to peer review. If this is the case your manuscript will still be sitting in the Unsubmitted Manuscripts section of your Author Centre awaiting your attention.

10. Once the manuscript submission is complete, you can follow its progress through the peer review process in the Submitted Manuscripts section of your Author Centre.

Revising your manuscript

1. As with all other decisions, you will be notified of a revision decision by e-mail. Please address the Editor's and reviewers' comments in your revised paper, as well as any comments sent to you by the DSH Editor.

2. Log in to the Manuscript Central web site as before and, in the Author Centre, click on the create a revision link in the Manuscripts with Decisions list. This will create a new manuscript record with the same manuscript ID and a ".R1" appended at the end. If a revision is started, the create a revision link will no longer appear in the "Manuscripts with Decisions" list, and the list will display the fact that a revision exists and the revision's Manuscript ID. The option will reappear if you delete the revision before it is actually submitted. The draft of the revised manuscript is located in the Revised Manuscripts in Draft list. Once you click the create a revision link, you will receive a confirmation asking you if you are sure you want to create a new revised manuscript. If you click Cancel, the action will be aborted. If you click OK, you will be taken to the first step in the revision submission process, the View & Respond to Comments step.

3. Please enter your detailed response to the decision letter in the box provided.

4. Proceed through the remaining submission screens (altering any necessary information along the way, such as manuscript type). When you reach the File Upload step revised manuscripts are automatically populated with the files you uploaded with the last version. PLEASE CHECK VERY CAREFULLY AND DELETE AND REPLACE ANY FILES THAT HAVE CHANGED IN THE REVISION. IF YOU ARE IN ANY DOUBT IT IS BEST TO DELETE ALL THE FILES AND UPLOAD THE NEW ONES. Once you have completed the submission process to your satisfaction click on the Submit button. If your revised manuscript is successfully submitted you will receive a confirmatory e-mail.

5. It is essential that authors submitting REVISED manuscripts provide high-resolution versions of ALL their figures. In order for proofs to be produced as quickly and efficiently as possible after acceptance please provide electronic high-resolution images. For further details, please see the link on the Instructions and Forms page of Manuscript Central.


If you experience any problems during the online submission please consult the Online User Guide (available from the Get Help Now button on the Manuscript Central site) or contact the DSH Editor.


Authors will be sent a link by email to the PDF proof of their paper, and should return any corrections within three days of receipt. 


Authors will be given free online access to their papers. Authors will have the option to buy further offprints at reasonable prices. These can be ordered using the Oxford Journals Author Services site. 

Licence to Publish

It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors assign an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. As part of the licence agreement, authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance. 

Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form. 

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles. 

Typescript Format

Paper size: The text should be on A4 paper (210 x 297 mm) or the nearest equivalent with ample margins. Only one side of the paper should be used. Two copies (top copy 1) of each manuscript must be submitted. The first page must give: title of the paper; names(s) of author(s) and address(es) where the work was done; name and address of the author designated to receive proofs and correspondence. Spacing in all copy, including notes and references, must be double-spaced. 


An informative abstract of 220 words or less that concisely outlines the substance of the paper and states its principal conclusion should accompany the manuscript on a separate sheet.  

Typescript Text

Paragraphs There should be no line spaces between paragraphs. The first paragraph of the article, and of new sections should not be indented; subsequent paragraphs should be indented.

Headings and subheadings Main headings should be in bold and subheadings in italic. Capitalise main words (e.g. Texts Used in This Study). No full point should be used at the end of the line.

Sections Where numbered sections are used, numbers of sections should be followed by a full point and EN space (e.g. 2 ), but subsection numbers should not have a full point (e.g. 2.1).

Spelling Use the system which you are most accustomed to using, but be consistent. British authors, please use Oxford (-ize) spellings. When in doubt, refer to the Concise Oxford Dictionary, or the Oxford Dictionary for Writer and Editors.

Italics and bold Use italic and bold founts; otherwise represent italics by using an underline, and bold by underlining with a wavy line.

Quotations Quotations should be in small type, set full left with a minimum of 5 lines of type. Quotation marks should not be used, except for short quotations within the text in which case single quotation marks should be used. Double quotation marks should be used for quotes within quotes.

Punctuation Endnote cues should always follow punctuation, e.g . . . certain secrets of fabrication. Initials should be followed by a full point and a space, e.g. E. M. Forster, W. H. Smith. There is no full point after Dr, Mrs, Ms, or Mr.

Computer programs A brief outline should be given of what the syntactic rules are for lines of code that are to be typeset and embedded within the text. Alternatively, program code could appear as figures. Authors should then send camera-ready copy of the figures with their text.

Names of computer programs These should appear in capitals or another consistent style.

Words under discussion These should be in italic.

Electronic mail addresses Addresses should appear in lowercase only.

Miscellaneous points of style Use 'and' instead of '&', and use a % sign for 5%, 25%, etc. No apostrophe in 1920s, 1950s, etc. Decimal point should be on the line: 5.2, 3.9, etc. et al. should be in italic. e.g. and i.e. are never capitalized even at the beginning of a sentence. There should be no comma after e.g. or i.e. Numbers below 100 and vaguely expressed numbers should be spelt out. Precise numbers, units of measurement, and numbers above 100 should be in figures. If mentioned at the beginning of a sentence, spell Figure in full. NB the use of the 'Oxford comma' in the previous sentence (comma before 'and' in lists). Please do likewise. Cross-references in the text should be as follows:

see Section 2.5
see Appendix I
see Fig. 1. 

Figures and Tables Authors should supply the electronic versions of figures in either TIFF or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) format, using PhotoShop compatible software. Many other formats, e.g. Microsoft Powerpoint, Microsoft Postscript and figures embedded in Word files, may be used, although this is not the preferred format. 

Figures should be saved in separate files without their captions, which should be included with the text of the article. Files should be named according to DOS conventions, e.g. 'figure1.tif'. For vector graphics, EPS is the preferred format. Lines should not be thinner than 0.25 pts and in-fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%. Font-related problems can be avoided by using standard fonts such as Times Roman and Helvetica. For bitmapped graphics, TIFF is the preferred format but EPS is also acceptable. 

The following resolutions are optimal: black-and-white line figures, 600-1200 dpi; line figures with some grey or coloured lines, 600 dpi; photographs, 300 dpi; screen dumps, leave as is. Higher resolutions will not improve output quality but will only increase file size, which may cause problems with printing; lower resolutions (<300 dpi) may compromise output quality. Please try to provide artwork that approximately fits within the typeset area of the journal. Especially screened originals, i.e. originals with grey areas, may suffer badly from reduction by more than 10-15%. 

Each figure and table should be numbered and mentioned in the text. Each figure and table should be accompanied by an explanatory legend. The figure legends should be grouped and placed on a separate page. 

Colour illustrations: authors will be expected to pay a fee for any colour illustrations appearing in the print version of their article (£350 per figure). Alternatively, figures can appear in black and white in the printed version with colour versions appearing online (for which there is no charge). Please indicate your preferred option (i.e. agreement to pay £350 per figure for print and online colour or preference for online-only colour with no charge) when prompted during the online submission process.

Captions 'Table' should be spelt out in full but 'Figure' should be contracted to Fig. (with full point); both should have an initial capital. The number of the table/figure should not be followed by a full point. The caption itself should have the first word capitalized, and should not be followed by a full point, unless it consists of more than a single sentence, e.g. Table 1 Proper nouns and syntactic organization Fig. 3 Varieties of biblical citations. Please supply table and figure captions as a separate list: do not type on the table/figure itself. To ensure correct matching up of tables/figures to captions, put table/figure number on the back of the artwork, and author's name. The order of items after the main text should be:


Notes All notes should be gathered together at the end of the article, double spaced, on a separate sheet or sheets. They should not consist simply of a bibliographic reference. Notes should be numbered consecutively throughout the text, with numbers inserted above the line, e.g. 1. They should be listed in numerical order at the end of the main text:

1. Smith, T . . . 
2. These results . . .

Funding Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'References' section. 
The following rules should be followed.

  • The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …
  • The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health’ or simply ‘National Institutes of Health' not ‘NCI’ (one of the 27 subinstitutions) or ‘NCI at NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies) .Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
  • Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
  • Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
  • Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'.

An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [AA123456 to C.S., BB765432 to M.H.]; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [hfygr667789].’

Oxford Journals will deposit all NIH-funded articles in PubMed Central. See Depositing articles in repositories – information for authors for details. Authors must ensure that manuscripts are clearly indicated as NIH-funded using the guidelines above.

References and Bibliography Please use the version of the Harvard system described below. References should be cited in the text using the author's name and year of publication, e.g. (Bloggs, 1990; Bloggs et al., 1991). The list of references should be headed References and placed at the end of the article on a separate sheet or sheets. It should be double-spaced. The list should be in alphabetical order. Where an author has more than one publication, they should be arranged in chronological order, and if there is more than one publication within a year, they should be alphabetically ordered by title and labelled a, b, etc. (e.g. 1989a, 1989b). Single-author works precede co-authored works. If citing an electronic publication, please supply the full URL and a date accessed. Please follow the examples given below for bibliographic layout. 

Biber, D. (1988). Variation Across Speech and Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Calzolari, N. (1989). A Typology of English Text. In Batori, I.S., Lenders, W. and Putschke, W. (eds),Computational Linguistics. New York: ACM Press, pp. 510-19. 

Ellis, D. (1987). The Derivation of a Behavioural Model for Information Retrieval Design. Ph.D. thesis, University of Sheffield.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1985). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Edward Arnold, London.

Oostdijk, N. (1988). A Corpus Linguistic Approach to Linguistic Variation, Literary and Linguistic Computing, 3: 12-25.

Richardson, S. D. and Braden-Harder, L. (1988). The Experience of Developing a Large-Scale Natural Language Text Processing System: CRITIQUE, Proceedings of the Second Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing, Austin, TX, February 1988.

Garfinkel, M. S. and Weiss, S. C. (1999). In the court of history, Ehlers v. Bush. Recent Science Newsletter,1(1): 6-7. http://web.archive.org/web/20030604160332/recentscience.gwu.edu/RSN/ (accessed 27 February 2004).

Nerbonne, J. (2005). Computational Contributions to the Humanities. Literary and Linguistic Computing, Advanced Access published January 17, 2005: 10.1093/llcl/fqh041.

Author Self-Archiving/Public Access Policy From May 2005

For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page. 

Oxford Open Option for Authors

Digital Scholarship in the Humanities authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. 

RCUK/Wellcome Trust funded authors publishing in Digital Scholarship in the Humanities can use the Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY) for their articles. 

All other authors may use the following Creative Commons licence: 

• Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC). 

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences. 

You can pay the Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges are as follows: 

• CC BY: £2150/ $3750 / €3200

• CC BY-NC: £1800/ $3200 / €2750 

• List B Reduced Rate Developing country charge*: £925/ $1500 / €1225 
• List A Free Developing country charge*: £0 /$0 / €0 

*Visit our developing countries page (click here for a list of qualifying countries). Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

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