The aim of this study was to aggregate the risk of traumatic dental injury due to overjet using several published papers and performing a meta-analysis on the results. The 11 articles involved in this investigation were identified by a literature search of Medline (1966-1996) and Exerpta Medica (1985-1996) databases using predetermined keywords, and inclusion and exclusion criteria.
In order to assess the quality of each paper, a methodological checklist for observational studies was developed resulting in a score between 0 and 100. The relative risk of overjet, compared with a reference, was expressed as an Odds Ratio (OR). For each study, the OR was computed using the data presented and, subsequently, these ORs were pooled across studies. The effect of confounders (i.e. age, gender), which could bias the relationship between overjet and dental injury was taken into account. Furthermore, the influence of quality of the study on the pooled OR was addressed.
The average methodological score was 41. From the results, it can be concluded that children with an overjet larger than 3 mm are approximately twice as much at risk of injury to anterior teeth than children with an overjet smaller than 3 mm. The effect of overjet on the risk of dental injury is less for boys than for girls in the same overjet group. In addition, risk of injury of anterior teeth tends to increase with increasing overjet size. Furthermore, the pooled OR does not seem to be affected by the quality of the studies.
A1Department of Orthodontics, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA) and A2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands