Venous thromboembolism (VTE) incidence increases sharply with age (Figure1) and appears steady over the last 25 years, despite preventive strategies.1 Women are more often affected at younger ages; this ratio reverses in the elderly.2 Incidence is similar in Blacks but lower in Asians.3 Almost two-thirds of VTE cases are isolated deep vein thromboses (DVTs), and 80% are proximal.4

Figure 1
Venous thromboembolism incidence according to age group.
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Venous thromboembolism incidence according to age group.

Figure 1
Venous thromboembolism incidence according to age group.
View largeDownload slide

Venous thromboembolism incidence according to age group.

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Recent European population studies reported DVT incidence of 70–140 cases/100,000 person-year.5

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Deep vein thrombosis are mostly secondary to predisposing factors common with pulmonary embolism (PE) (webtable 1).6 Distal (below knee) DVTs are more frequently...

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