References

1
Senni
M
, Tribouilloy CM, Rodeheffer RJ. Congestive heart failure in the community: a study of all incident cases in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 1991.
Circulation
 .
1998
;
98
:
2282
–2289
2
Grossman
W
. Defining diastolic dysfunction.
Circulation
 .
2000
;
101
:
2020
–2021
3
Dauterman
KW
, Massie BM, Gheorghiade M. Heart failure associated with preserved systolic function: A common and costly clinical entity.
Am Heart J
 .
1998
;
135
:
S310
–319
4
Gottdiener
JS
, Arnold AM, Aurigemma GP. Predictors of congestive heart failure in the elderly: The Cardiovascular Health Study.
J Am Coll Cardiol
 .
2000
;
35
:
1628
–1636
5
Mosterd
A
, Hoes AW, dee Bruyne MC. Prevalence of heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction in the general population: The Rotterdam Study.
Eur Heart J
 .
1999
;
20
:
447
–455
6
Gaasch
WH
. Diagnosis and treatment of heart failure based on left ventricular systolic or diastolic dysfunction.
JAMA
 .
1994
;
271
:
1276
–1280
7
Caruana
L
, Petrie MC, Davie AP, McMurray JJ. Do patients with suspected heart failure and preserved left ventricular systolic function suffer from ‘diastolic heart failure’ or from misdiagnosis? A prospective description study.
Br Med J
 .
2000
;
321
:
215
–218
8
Kramer
K
, Kirkman P, Kitzman D, Little WC. Flash pulmonary edema: association with hypertension and reoccurrence despite coronary revascularization.
Am Heart J
 .
2000
;
140
:
451
–455
9
Vasan
RS
, Levy D. Defining diastolic heart failure: A call for standardized diagnostic criteria.
Circulation
 .
2000
;
101
:
2118
–2121
10
Gandhi
SK
, Powers JC, Nomeir AM. The pathogenesis of acute pulmonary edema associated with hypertension.
N Engl J Med
 .
2001
;
344
:
17
–22
11
Eagle
KA
, Quertermous T, Singer DE. Left ventricular ejection fraction: physician estimates compared with gated blood pool scan measurements.
Arch Int Med
 .
1988
;
148
:
882
–885
12
Little
WC
, Braunwald E. Assessment of cardiac function. Braunwald E. Heart Disease. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co; 1997. p. 421–444
13
Kass
DA
, Maughan WL, Guo ZM, Kona A, Sunagawa K, Sagawa K. Comparative influence of load versus inotropic states on indexes of ventricular contractility: experimental and theoretical analysis based on pressure-volume relationships.
Circulation
 .
1987
;
76
:
1422
–1436
14
Vasan
RS
, Benjamin EJ. Diastolic heart failure—no time to relax.
N Engl J Med
 .
2001
;
344
:
56
–59
15
Swedberg
K
, Pfeffer M, Granger C. Candesartan in heart failure—assessment of reduction in mortality and morbidity (CHARM); rationale and design.
J Card Failure
 .
1999
;
5
:
276
–282
16
Cleland
JG
, Tendera M, Adamus J. Perindopril for elderly people with chronic heart failure: the PEP-CHF study.
Eur J Heart Fail
 .
1999
;
1
:
211
–217
17
Iriarte
M
, Murga N, Sagastagoitia D. Congestive heart failure from left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in systemic hypertension.
Am J Cardiol
 .
1993
;
71
:
308
–312
18
Leite-Moreira
AF
, Correia-Pinto J. Load as an acute determinant of end-diastolic pressure-volume relation.
Am J Physiol
 .
2001
;
280
:
H51
–H59
19
Leite-Moreira
AF
, Gillebert TC. Nonuniform course of left ventricular pressure fall and its regulation by load and contractile state.
Circulation
 .
1994
;
90
:
2481
–2491
20
Kitzman
DW
, Higginbotham MB, Cobb FR, Sheikh KH, Sullivan MJ. Exercise intolerance in patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular systolic function: failure of the Frank-Starling mechanism.
J Am Coll Cardiol
 .
1991
;
17
:
1065
–1072
21
Daida
H
, Allison TG, Squires RW, Miller TD, Gau GT. Peak exercise blood pressure stratified by age and gender in apparently healthy subjects.
Mayo Clin Proc
 .
1996
;
71
:
445
–452
22
Warner
JG
Jr.
, Metzger DC, Kitzman DW, Wesley DJ, Little WC. Losartan improves exercise tolerance in patients with diastolic dysfunction and a hypertensive response to exercise.
J Am Coll Cardiol
 .
1999
;
33
:
1567
–1572
This content is only available as a PDF.

Comments

0 Comments