The genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was analysed by digestion with rare-cutting restriction endonucleases and subsequent field inversion gel electrophoresis (FIGE). P. aeruginosa strain PAO and the 17 IATS strains were investigated. Each strain displayed a unique pattern of restriction fragments. Digestion with DraI and SspI yielded, respectively 7–11 and 2–5 fragments of more than 130 kb in size, indicating the non-random occurrence of AT-rich sequences in the P. aeruginosa genome. The genome size of P. aeruginosa PAO was estimated to be (2.2 ± 0.3) × 106 bp. The applications of DNA fingerprinting for gene cloning, construction of a physical chromosome map, and epidemiological studies, are discussed.