Summary

The sequences of the epidermolytic toxins and V8 serine proteinase share about 25% identity, including the catalytic triad at the proteinase active centre. Here we have altered the putative ETA active-site serine-195 to glycine by site-directed mutagenesis. No epidermolytic activity was detected when up to 100-fold greater amounts of the homogeneous mutant ETA were injected subcutaneously into neonatal mice showing that serine-195 is required for toxicogenesis.

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