Abstract

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is the causative agent of animal erysipelas and human erysipeloid. Some pathogenic bacteria are able to recruit host plasminogen and then use the plasminogen system for migration across tissue barriers or for nutritional demands during infection. However, there is no study on E. rhusiopathiae recruitment of plasminogen. SpaA has long been known to be a major protective antigen of E. rhusiopathiae, but its roles in virulence have not yet been well clarified. The aim of this study was to detect the activity of E. rhusiopathiae to recruit host plasminogen and evaluate the ability of SpaA to act as a receptor in the recruitment process. It was found that E. rhusiopathiae could recruit host plasminogen. SpaA could specifically bind host plasminogen. Anti-SpaA serum could significantly decrease the activity of E. rhusiopathiae to recruit plasminogen. In addition, this binding activity was lysine-dependent. In conclusion, E. rhusiopathiae were able to recruit host plasminogen via SpaA. To our knowledge, this is the first report on E. rhusiopathiae recruitment of host plasminogen and the receptor in the process.

Supplementary data