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# Information for Authors

Please note that the journal now encourages authors to complete their copyright licence to publish form online

Manuscripts must be submitted online - for instructions on how to submit your manuscript online please click here . Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below please visit the online submission web site .

To contact our editorial office with any questions, please click here

No article should be submitted which is being offered to any other Journal for prior or simultaneous publication. Authors should examine a recent issue of Forestry and follow the advice on presentation and submission given below to save time and avoid unnecessary correspondence. Authors will be asked to grant the Institute of Chartered Foresters a sole and exclusive licence to publish the paper for the full period of copyright throughout the world.

Three types of article will be considered for publication:

• Original articles describe advances in knowledge and understanding based on analysis of data.
• Review articles are a critical synthesis of an important topic.
• Letters to the Editor should address recently published articles or issues relevant to the journal and provide a balanced and objective point of view. They should include no more than two tables, two figures and 10 references, and be no more than 800 words (count includes main body of paper and Acknowledgements). Where Letters address recently published articles the authors of the original author will be offered the option to provide a response.

Original and review articles will normally have a maximum length of 12 printed pages, including tables, illustrations and references (1000 words per full page). Longer papers will be considered, but there must be a justification for the need to occupy more space. Manuscripts will be published in the 'Advance Access' area of our website six weeks after acceptance and will be printed at a later date, normally within six months.

### Policy on refereeing

All articles and research notes published in Forestry are peer-reviewed by at least two people and, at the discretion of the Editors, may also be subject to independent statistical review (see point 9 below). A condition of submission is that the author nominates four people who are qualified to act as referees and who have not previously been involved with the paper in any way. Two of the nominated referees must be working in a different country to the first named author. Referees are given the option of making comments anonymously but the Editors actively encourage openness in order to ensure logical improvement of manuscripts and to avoid bias and prejudice. In recognition of their work, all referees are given the opportunity to have their name published in the last issue of Forestry per year.

Authors can publish colour figures online free of charge.

Editors may request that authors submit a revised version of their paper before it can be accepted for publication. Revised versions of papers submitted more than six months after such a request will be treated as new submissions. The Editor's decision on all submissions is final.

### Instructions for submission to Forestry

1. Submission of a paper implies that it reports unpublished work and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published tables, illustrations or more than 200 words of text are to be included, then the copyright holder's written permission must be obtained. Copies of any such permission letters should be scanned and attached with the paper.

If the paper is accepted for publication the final version can be submitted in WORD or LaTeX format. Figures must be saved in separate files and be prepared to the standards described in paragraph 5 below. Files should be named according to DOS conventions, e.g. 'figure1.tif'. For LaTeX submissions, we strongly recommend using the Forestry LaTeX class file and Bibtex, available online as a rar file here ; as a tar file here , or as a zip file here . For WORD submissions, we strongly recommend using the MS Word template, available here .

2. Accompanying information must confirm that all authors have read and approved the manuscript and give the names, addresses, telephone/fax numbers, and e-mail addresses of four potential referees. Two of the referees must be working in a different country to the first named author.
3. Submissions should be double-spaced throughout (including references), leaving a 2.5 cm margin at the left, top and bottom. Pages should be numbered and lines also numbered consecutively from the start. A4-size paper is preferred, and a font size no smaller than 11 should be used for word-processed manuscripts.
4. Tables:
These should be numbered in arabic numerals, typed on separate pages and collected at the end of the text. Their approximate position in the text should be indicated in the page margin.
5. Illustrations:
Illustrations for all accepted papers must be electronic. Illustrations should be numbered (in arabic numerals) in a single list in the order in which they will appear in the text. Captions must be provided as a single list on a separate sheet in the text. For vector graphics, EPS is the preferred format. Lines should not be thinner than 0.25 pts and in-fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%. Font-related problems can be avoided by using standard fonts such as Times Roman and Helvetica. For bitmapped graphics, TIFF is the preferred format but EPS and PDF are also acceptable. All figures must be prepared at publication quality resolution, e.g., 1200 d.p.i. for line drawings and 500 d.p.i. for colour and half-tone artwork. For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to http://cpc.cadmus.com/da
6. Colour Figures:
Forestry is happy to announce the launch of the Flexible Colour Option. All figures submitted to the journal in colour will be published in colour online at no cost (unless the author specifically requests that their figures be in black and white online). Authors may choose to also publish their figures in colour in the print journal for £350 per figure: you will be asked to approve this cost in an e-mail after your article is accepted for publication. Colour figures must have a resolution of at least 300 dots per inch at their final size. Authors, who opt to publish black and white in print, should submit just one figure legend that works for both colour and grayscale. You will be issued an invoice at the time of publication.
7. Abbreviations:
Abbreviations, especially those formed from initial letters, should be used sparingly and should always be given in full at the first occurrence. (Authors should remember that abbreviations with which they are familiar may be unknown to other readers.) Abbreviations and other conventions (e.g. capitals, italics, symbols) should be used consistently throughout a paper.
8. Units of measurement:
Metric units are strongly preferred and must be given as equivalents if other units are used. The form m 3 ha -1 is preferred, though spelling out in full, 'cubic metres per hectare', will be accepted. S.I. units should be used wherever they are appropriate to the scale of the work reported.
9. Statistics:
All papers should conform with our statistical guidelines. The basic principles are:

i. Given the data and the description of the analysis and models fitted a third party should be able to derive the same statistical results.

ii. The statistical methods used should be appropriate and, as far as possible, the best methods available for the given data.

iii. Appropriate indicators of uncertainty (standard errors, confidence intervals etc.) should be an integral part of all results derived from the data.

iv. Statistical significance should be handled appropriately.

v. A statistically qualified reviewer should have confidence that the analysis has been carried out correctly.
vi. The general reader should be given the information in a form which makes it easy for her/him to make their own interpretation of the results.

A full copy of the guidelines are available from the Editor-in-Chief.
10. Abstract:
A well written abstract of no more than 200 words must be included with all submissions. Abstracts are used to summarise the paper and will often appear separately from the main text. They are very important as they indicate the relevance of a paper to a reader. The abstract is also an essential means of finding a paper via search engines; almost 50% of visitors to the Forestry land on the abstract page first. For these reasons, please ensure that you compose your abstract carefully. It must clearly summarise the content and main findings of the paper and where appropriate the practical applications of the work.
11. References:
References of journals, books, multi-author books and articles published online should be cited in the text by Author & Year ('Harvard' style: last name of first 1-2 authors, or Lastname et al . if 3 or more authors), and conform to the following examples:
• Lastname, A. and Lastname, B. 2016 Article title. Abbr. Journal Title 10 , 100-150
• Titus, B.D. Jr and Malcolm, D.C. 1992 Nutrient leaching from the litter layer after clearfelling of Sitka spruce. Can. J. For. Res. 65 , 389–416.
• Lastname, A. 2016 Book Title . Edn. Publisher name, 600pp.
• Allen, S.E., Grimshaw, H.M., Parkinson, J.A. and Quarmby, C. 1974 Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials . 2nd edn. Blackwell, 596 pp
• Mulder, J.P.M. 1985 Simulation interception loss using standard meteorological data. In The Forest–Atmosphere Interaction . B.A. Hutchinson and B.B. Hicks (eds). Wiley, pp. 177–196.
• Carleson, W.C. 1985 Seasonal variation in mitotic index in the stem apex of loblolly pine seedlings. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Nursery Management Practices for the Southern Pines . D.B. South (ed.). School of Forestry, Auburn University, Alabama, pp. 303–310.
• CIFOR. 1999 The CIFOR Criteria and Indicators Generic Template. The Criteria and Indicators Toolbox Series No. 2 . Center for International Forestry Research. Bogor, Indonesia, p. 53.
• FAO. 2003 State of the World’s Forests 2003 . Rome, Italy.
• Anonymous 2001 Woodlands for Wales. T he National Assembly for Wales Strategy for Trees and Woodlands . Forestry Commission, Aberystwyth.
• Brazier, J.D. 1990 The timbers of farm woodland trees. Forestry Commission Bulletin No. 91 . HMSO.
12. Biological sequence data:
Our policy is that any DNA, protein or similar biological sequences that are generated for any study to be considered for publication must be deposited with either NCBI (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/), EMBL-EBI (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/) or DDBJ (http://www.ddbj.nig.ac.jp/) and properly referenced.
13. Endnote:
You can download the current style for Forestry at EndNote's website
14. Proofs:
Page proofs will be sent to the author responsible for checking them as a PDF file. Corrected proofs should be returned within three days of receipt. All misprints should be corrected, but the author is asked to refrain from making any other alterations. Such alterations may be disallowed and where they are allowed the author may be held responsible for the cost of making them.
15. Licence to Publish:
Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

It is a condition of publication in Forestry that authors assign copyright to the Institute of Chartered Foresters. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning copyright, Authors may use their own material in other publications provided that Forestry is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance.
16. Offprints:
Details of free online access will be sent to the corresponding author, who may then circulate them to co-authors. If the purchase of offprints is required, these can be ordered using the Oxford Journals Author Services site when your paper enters production. Late orders submitted after the journal is in press are subject to increased prices.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from elsewhere in the EU you or your institution should account for VAT by way of a reverse charge. Please provide us with your, or your institution’s, VAT number.
17. Oxford Open:
Forestry authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in Forestry can use the following Creative Common licence for their articles:

• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)

18. You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post.The open access charges applicable are:
Regular charge - £1850/ $3000 / €2450 List B Developing country charge* - £925 /$1500 / €1225
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /\$0 / €0

*Discounted rates are available for authors based in some developing countries (click here for a list of qualifying countries).

Please note that these charges are in addition to any other charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.
19. Supplementary material for online-only publication:
Supplementary information and/or data, which are preferred to Appendices, may be submitted for online-only publication if it adds value to the manuscript. However, it should not contain material crucial to the understanding of the manuscript, which must be able to stand alone. The availability of online supplementary material should be indicated at the appropriate point in the text and in a section entitled “Supplementary material”, placed immediately before the Acknowledgements section. The section should begin with a statement such as, “The following supplementary material is available at Forestry online”, and should include a brief description of the supplementary material. The citation of references within the supplementary section is discouraged because the references are not hyperlinked as they are in the main text. If such a citation is necessary, however, the full reference(s) should be included at the end of the supplementary material.

Supplementary materials should be submitted as separate files.
Please note that Supplementary materials will not be edited or amended in any way by the editors or the publisher. Authors are responsible for ensuring that they are rendered correctly.
20. Data Policy:
The data underlying published research papers should be made freely available to others, wherever legally and ethically possible. Data availability allows verification of results, re- and meta-analysis, and allows other researchers to build on existing results without duplicating effort unnecessarily.

Where specialised, subject-specific public repositories are available, we encourage authors to deposit data in these facilities and make the availability of data clear in the published paper. Otherwise, authors can upload their datasets as ‘supplementary data’ with their paper for publication. Where neither of these options is feasible, authors are required to make data available upon reasonable request. We strongly encourage authors wherever possible to cite the data used in their article as they would cite a publication. We recommend that data citations are formatted in accordance with the DataCite guidelines:
• Creator (Publication Year): Title. Publisher. Identifier
21. Conflict of Interest (1)
At the point of submission, Forestry's policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition. When considering whether you should declare a conflicting interest or connection please consider the conflict of interest test: Is there any arrangement that would embarrass you or any of your co-authors if it was to emerge after publication and you had not declared it?
22. Conflict of Interest (2)
As an integral part of the online submission process, Corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these. If the Corresponding author is unable to confirm this information on behalf of all co-authors, the authors in question will then be required to submit a completed Conflict of Interest form to the Editorial Office. It is the Corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that all authors adhere to this policy.

If the manuscript is published, Conflict of Interest information will be communicated in a statement in the published paper.
23. Funding:
Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'Acknowledgements' section.

The following rules should be followed:
• The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
• The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘National Institutes of Health’, not ‘NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies) Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
• Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
• Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
• Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'.
• An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [AA123456 to C.S., BB765432 to M.H.]; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [hfygr667789].’
24. Crossref Funding Data Registry:
In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here.

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