# Instructions for Authors

Health Policy and Planning 's aim is to improve the design and implementation of health systems and policies in low- and middle-income countries through providing a forum for publishing high quality research and original ideas, for an audience of policy and public health researchers and practitioners. HPP is published six times a year.

HPP has a double-blinded peer-review policy. All papers, in each of the categories described below, are peer reviewed.

Specific objectives are to:

• Attract high quality research papers, reviews and debates on topics relevant to health systems and policies in low- and middle-income countries;
• Ensure wide geographical coverage of papers including coverage of the poorest countries and those in transition;
• Encourage and support researchers from low- and middle-income countries to publish in HPP ;
• Ensure papers reflect a broad range of disciplines, methodologies and topics;
• Ensure that papers are clearly explained and accessible to readers from the range of disciplines used to analyse health systems and policies; and
• Provide a fair, supportive and high quality peer review process.

Health Policy and Planning welcomes submissions of the following types: original articles, review papers, methodological musings, research in practice, commentaries, and papers in our series 'How to do (or not to do)...' [for example, see Hutton & Baltussen, HPP, 20(4): 252-9 ] and '10 best resources' [for example, see David & Haberlen, HPP, 20(4): 260-3 ].

Authors should pay close attention to the factors that will increase likelihood of acceptance. As well as the high overall quality required for publication in an international journal, authors should address HPP's readership: national and international policy makers, practitioners, academics and general readers with a particular interest in health systems and policy issues and debates in low- and middle-income countries. Manuscripts that fail to set out the international debates to which the paper contributes, and to draw out policy lessons and conclusions, are more likely to be rejected or returned to the authors for redrafting prior to being reviewed. In addition, economists should note that papers accepted for publication in HPP will consider the broad policy implications of an economic analysis rather than focusing primarily on the methodological or theoretical aspects of the study.

Public health specialists writing about a specific health, policy, challenge or service should discuss the relevance of the analysis for the broader health system. Those submitting health policy analyses should draw on relevant bodies of theory in their analysis, or justify why they have not, rather than only presenting a narrative based on empirical data.

The editors cannot enter into correspondence about papers considered unsuitable for publication and their decision is final. Neither the editors nor the publishers accept responsibility for the views of authors expressed in their contributions. The editors reserve the right to make amendments to the papers submitted although, whenever possible, they will seek the authors' consent to any significant changes made.

Manuscripts must be submitted online. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below please visit the online submission website . Instructions on submitting your manuscript online can be viewed here .

Manuscripts containing original material are accepted for consideration with the understanding that neither the article nor any part of its essential substance, tables, or figures has been or will be published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This restriction does not apply to abstracts or short press reports published in connection with scientific meetings. Copies of any closely related manuscripts should be submitted along with the manuscript that is to be considered by HPP. HPP discourages the submission of more than one article dealing with related aspects of the same study.

Should you require any assistance in submitting your article or have any queries, please do not hesitate to contact the editorial office at hpp.editorialoffice@oup.com

During the online submission procedure, authors are asked to provide: a) information on prior or duplicate publication or submission elsewhere of any part of the work; b) a statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest or a statement that the authors do not have any conflict of interest; c) a statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors (see also section on authorship below); d) the name, address, telephone and fax number of the corresponding author who is responsible for negotiations concerning the manuscript. The manuscript must be accompanied by copies of any permissions (see heading Permissions below) to reproduce already published material, or to use illustrations or report sensitive personal information about identifiable persons.

All papers submitted to HPP are checked by the editorial office for conformance to author and other instructions all specified below. Non-conforming manuscripts will be returned to authors.

## PRE-SUBMISSION LANGUAGE EDITING

If your first language is not English, to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers is optional. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. For further information on this service, please click here . Several specialist language editing companies offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.

## AUTHORSHIP

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should be based on substantial contribution to conception and design, execution, or analysis and interpretation of data. All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript and approve of its submission to this journal. An email confirming submission of a manuscript is sent to all authors. Any change in authorship following initial submission would have to be agreed by all authors as would any change in the order of authors.

## SUBMISSION

Please read these instructions carefully and follow them closely to ensure that the review and publication of your paper is as efficient and quick as possible. The Editorial Office reserve the right to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with these instructions.

All material to be considered for publication in Health Policy and Planning should be submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions below, instructions on how to submit your manuscript online can be found by clicking here .

## ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Manuscripts should preferably be a maximum of 6000 words, excluding tables, figures/diagrams and references.

The title page should contain:

• Title - please keep as concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter;
• Each author's affiliation and qualifications;
• Keywords and an abbreviated running title;
• 2-4 Key Messages, detailing concisely the main points made in the paper;
• Acknowledgements

The manuscript will generally follow through sections: Abstract (no more than 300 words), Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References. However, it may be appropriate to combine the results and discussion sections in some papers. Tables and Figures should not be placed within the text, rather provided in separate file/s.

In the acknowledgements , all sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated, including grant numbers if appropriate. Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well.

Figures should be designed using a well-known software package for standard personal computers. If a figure has been published earlier, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Colour figures are permitted but authors will be required to pay the cost of reproduction.

All measures should be reported in SI units, followed (where necessary) by the traditional units in parentheses. There are two exceptions: blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin in g/dl. For general guidance on the International System of Units, and some useful conversion factors, see 'The SI for the Health Professions' (WHO 1977).

Statistics:

For the reporting of statistical analyses please consider the following additional points:

• Focus the statistical analysis at the research question.
• Report simple analyses first, then only more sophisticated results.
• Provide information about participation and missing data.
• As much as possible, describe results using meaningful phrases (E.g., do not say "beta" or "regression coefficient", but "mean change in Y per unit of X"). Provide 95% confidence intervals for estimates.
• Report the proportions as N (%), not just %.
• Report p values with 2 digits after the decimal, 3 if <0.01 or near 0.05. E.g., 0.54, 0.03, 0.007, <0.001, 0.048. Do not report p values greater than 0.05 as "NS".
• Always include a leading zero before the decimal point (e.g., 0.32 not .32).
• Do not report tests statistics (such as chi-2, T, F, etc)."

## REVIEW ARTICLES

Manuscripts should preferably be a maximum of 10,000 words, excluding tables, figures/diagrams and references.
Reviews may be invited. They generally address recent advances in health policy, health systems and implementation. Systematic reviews are particularly welcomed, but may not be appropriate for every topic. If authors are submitting a review article that is not a systematic review then the paper should explain why a systematic review was not feasible/desirable, and the review methods should be described in a way that is as clear and as replicable as possible.

The title page should contain:

• Title - please keep as concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter;
• Each author's affiliation and qualifications;
• Keywords and an abbreviated running title;
• 2-4 Key Messages, detailing concisely the main points made in the paper;
• Acknowledgements

The manuscript will generally follow through sections: Abstract (no more than 300 words), Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References. However, it may be appropriate to combine the results and discussion sections in some papers. Tables and Figures should not be placed within the text, rather provided in separate file/s.

In the acknowledgements , all sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated, including grant numbers if appropriate. Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well.

Figures should be designed using a well-known software package for standard personal computers. If a figure has been published earlier, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Colour figures are permitted but authors will be required to pay the cost of reproduction.

All measures should be reported in SI units, followed (where necessary) by the traditional units in parentheses. There are two exceptions: blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin in g/dl. For general guidance on the International System of Units, and some useful conversion factors, see 'The SI for the Health Professions' (WHO 1977).

## COMMENTARIES

Short commentaries on topical issues in health systems are welcomed. Most such commentaries are commissioned by the editors, but the journal will also consider unsolicited submissions. Commentaries should of broad interest to readers of Health Policy and Planning, and while they are not research papers, they should be well substantiated. Manuscripts should preferably be a maximum of 1200 words, excluding tables, figures/diagrams and references.

The title page should contain:

• Title - please keep as concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter;
• Each author's affiliation and qualifications;
• Keywords and an abbreviated running title;
• 2-4 Key Messages, detailing concisely the main points made in the paper;
• Acknowledgements

The manuscript will generally follow through sections: Abstract (no more than 300 words), Introduction, Discussion, Conclusion, References. However, it may be appropriate to combine the results and discussion sections in some papers. Tables and Figures should not be placed within the text, rather provided in separate file/s.

In the acknowledgements , all sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated, including grant numbers if appropriate. Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well.

Figures should be designed using a well-known software package for standard personal computers. If a figure has been published earlier, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Colour figures are permitted but authors will be required to pay the cost of reproduction.

All measures should be reported in SI units, followed (where necessary) by the traditional units in parentheses. There are two exceptions: blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin in g/dl. For general guidance on the International System of Units, and some useful conversion factors, see 'The SI for the Health Professions' (WHO 1977).

## HOW TO DO...OR NOT TO DO

This series is meant to explain how to use a particular research or analytical method (e.g. social network analysis, discrete choice experiment etc). The research or analytical methods discussed should be well accepted and clearly defined: this category of paper is not meant to address methodological debates but rather to help disseminate and promote the use of well-accepted methodologies.

Manuscripts should preferably be a maximum of 3000 words excluding tables, figures/diagrams and references.

• The sections must be arranged as follows: i) Title page, ii) Abstract, iii) Introduction, iv) Body of the paper, and v) References. Main sections should be coordinated by the author, and inserted between Introduction and Reference sessions. Please contact our office before submitting a manuscript in this category.

The title page should contain:

• Title - please keep as concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter;
• Each author's affiliation and qualifications;
• Keywords and an abbreviated running title;
• 2-4 Key Messages, detailing concisely the main points made in the paper;
• Acknowledgements

Tables and Figures should not be placed within the text, rather provided in separate file/s.

In the acknowledgements , all sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated, including grant numbers if appropriate. Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well.

Figures should be designed using a well-known software package for standard personal computers. If a figure has been published earlier, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Colour figures are permitted but authors will be required to pay the cost of reproduction.

All measures should be reported in SI units, followed (where necessary) by the traditional units in parentheses. There are two exceptions: blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin in g/dl. For general guidance on the International System of Units, and some useful conversion factors, see 'The SI for the Health Professions' (WHO 1977).

10 best -is a series of articles that identify and outline the 10 most useful resources from a range of sources to help facilitate a better understanding of a particular issue in global health'

We often commission these articles but we also hear unsolicited suggestions.

## METHODOLOGICAL MUSINGS

This series is meant to address methodological issues in health policy and systems research, where there is currently a lack of clarity about accepted research methods. This series is intended to support the development of the health policy and systems research field, through supporting methodological discussion.

Manuscripts should preferably be a maximum of 3000 words, excluding tables, figures/diagrams and references.

• The sections must be arranged as follows: i) Title page, ii) Abstract, iii) Introduction, iv) Body of the paper, and v) References. Main sections should be coordinated by the author, and inserted between Introduction and Reference sessions. Please contact our office before submitting a manuscript in this category.

The title page should contain:

• Title - please keep as concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter;
• Each author's affiliation and qualifications;
• Keywords and an abbreviated running title;
• 2-4 Key Messages, detailing concisely the main points made in the paper;
• Acknowledgements

In the acknowledgements , all sources of funding for research must be explicitly stated, including grant numbers if appropriate. Other financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support, should be acknowledged as well.

Figures should be designed using a well-known software package for standard personal computers. If a figure has been published earlier, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Colour figures are permitted but authors will be required to pay the cost of reproduction.

All measures should be reported in SI units, followed (where necessary) by the traditional units in parentheses. There are two exceptions: blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin in g/dl. For general guidance on the International System of Units, and some useful conversion factors, see 'The SI for the Health Professions' (WHO 1977).

## INNOVATION AND PRACTICE REPORTS

These short reports are narratives from the perspective of health managers operating at the national or sub-national level which focus on innovative approaches to strengthen health systems. Papers should highlight the practical experience of health managers or practitioners involved in taking action to strengthen health systems through innovative activities and new practices. The new activities and practices should preferably have been implemented for a sufficiently long time to allow authors to demonstrate the potential for sustained improvement or change in the health system. Examples might include practices to build capacity, develop new partnerships or restructure relationships within health systems. Papers should identify 2-4 key messages or lessons for consideration in other settings. We will not consider clinical and pharmaceutical innovations and practices. Manuscripts should be a maximum of 2000 words.

Requirements: title, abstract, introduction, body of paper, references. In the main body of the paper, sub-headings may be useful to signal key elements of the experience reported. Reports must be led by local practitioners, managers or policy-makers.

Main Document: The key messages should be placed on the main document.

The manuscript will generally follow through sections: Key Messages, Abstract (no more than 300 words), Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, References. However, it may be appropriate to combine the results and discussion sections in some papers. Tables and Figures should not be placed within the text, rather provided in separate file/s.

## MANUSCRIPT FORMAT AND STYLE

Only articles in English are considered for publication

Prepare your manuscript, including tables, using a word processing program and save it as a .doc, .rtf or .ps file. Use a minimum font size of 11, double-spaced and paginated throughout including references and tables, with margins of at least 2.5 cm. The text should be left justified and not hyphenated.

Manuscript file must include text body. Title Page, Figures and Tables should be uploaded separately.

Manuscript Preparation:

• Page 1: Title Page - please keep as concise as possible and ensure it reflects the subject matter;
• Each author's affiliation and qualifications;
• Keywords and an abbreviated running title;
• 2-4 Key Messages, detailing concisely the main points made in the paper;
• Acknowledgements

Page 2: Abstract

Abstract should be prepared in one paragraph, with a limit of 300 words. No headings are required. It should describe the purpose, materials and methods, results, and conclusion in a single paragraph no longer than 300 words without line feeds.

Page 3: Introduction

The Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation and give a short review of the pertinent literature, and be followed by:

Materials and methods . The Materials and methods section should follow the Introduction and should provide enough information to permit repetition of the experimental work. For particular chemicals or equipment, the name and location of the supplier should be given in parentheses.

Results . The Results section should describe the outcome of the study. Data should be presented as concisely as possible, if appropriate in the form of tables or figures, although very large tables should be avoided.

Discussion . The Discussion should be an interpretation of the results and their significance with reference to work by other authors.

Abbreviations . Non-standard abbreviations should be defined at the first occurrence and introduced only where multiple use is made. Authors should not use abbreviations in headings.

All measures should be reported in SI units, followed (where necessary) by the traditional units in parentheses. There are two exceptions: blood pressure should be expressed in mmHg and haemoglobin in g/dl. For general guidance on the International System of Units, and some useful conversion factors, see 'The SI for the Health Professions' (WHO 1977).

References:
References must follow the Harvard system and must be cited as follows:

Baker and Watts (1993) found...

In an earlier study (Baker and Watts 1993), it...

Where works by more than two authors are cited, only the first author is named followed by 'et al.' and the year. The reference list must be typed double-spaced in alphabetical order and include the full title of both paper (or chapter) and journal (or book), thus:

Baker S, Watts P. 1993. Paper/chapter title in normal script. Journal/book title in italics Volume number in bold : page numbers.

Baker S, Watts P. 1993. Chapter title in normal script. In: Smith B (ed). Book title in italics. 2nd edn. Place of publication: Publisher's name, page numbers.

Up to five authors should be cited. If there are more, cite the first three authors and follow with 'et al.', e.g.:

Baker S, Watts P, Smith B et al. 1993. Paper title in normal script. Paper presented at meeting/conference title, place, date. Unpublished document.

For more details, please consult the journal's mini style checklist.

Tables

All tables should be on separate pages and accompanied by a title - and footnotes where necessary. The tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Units in which results are expressed should be given in parentheses at the top of each column and not repeated in each line of the table. Ditto signs are not used. Avoid overcrowding the tables and the excessive use of words. The format of tables should be in keeping with that normally used by the journal; in particular, vertical lines, coloured text and shading should not be used. Please be certain that the data given in tables are correct. Tables should be provided as Word or Excel files.

## CONFLICT OF INTEREST

Authors must declare any conflicts of interest during the online submissions process. The lead author is responsible for confirming with the co-authors whether they also have any conflicts to declare and may be required to co-ordinate the completion of written forms from all co-authors where appropriate.

## ETHICAL APPROVAL

A requirement of publication is that research involving human subjects was conducted with the ethical approval of the appropriate bodies in the country where the research was conducted and of the ethical approval committees of affiliated research institutions elsewhere. A clear statement to this effect must be made in any submitted manuscript presenting such research, specifying that the free and informed consent of the subjects was obtained.

## FUNDING

The following rules should be followed:

The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health’ or simply 'National Institutes of Health' not ‘NCI' (one of the 27 subinstitutions) or 'NCI at NIH’ - see the full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies for details
Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]’
Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers ABX CDXXXXXX, EFX GHXXXXXX]’
Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'.

An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [P50 CA098252 and CA118790 to R.B.S.R.]
and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [HFY GR667789].

Oxford Journals will deposit all NIH-funded articles in PubMed Central. See Depositing articles in repositories – information for authors for details. Authors must ensure that manuscripts are clearly indicated as NIH-funded using the guidelines above.

## PERMISSIONS

Authors are reminded that it is their responsibility to comply with copyright laws. It is essential to ensure that no parts of the submission have or are due to appear in other publications without prior permission from the copyright holder and the original author. Materials, e.g. tables, taken from other sources must be accompanied by a written statement from both author and publisher giving permission to HPP for reproduction.

Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

It is a condition of publication in Health Policy and Planning that authors assign licence to publish to Oxford University Press. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning licence to publish, authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is acknowledged as the original Publisher.

## THIRD-PARTY CONTENT IN OPEN ACCESS PAPERS

If you will be publishing your paper under an Open Access licence but it contains material for which you do not have Open Access re-use permissions, please state this clearly by supplying the following credit line alongside the material:

Title of content
Author, Original publication, year of original publication, by permission of [rights holder]

This image/content is not covered by the terms of the Creative Commons licence of this publication. For permission to reuse, please contact the rights holder.

## PRIOR PUBLICATION POLICY

Please review our prior publication policy . We expect authors to disclose any prior dissemination including via a website or at national meetings

## OFFPRINTS

Please notify the editors of any change of address. After manuscript acceptance, please also notify the publishers: Journals Production Department, Oxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Telephone +44 (0) 1865 556767 , Fax +44 (0) 1865 267773.

## IMPORTANT NOTES TO AUTHORS

The manuscripts will not be returned to authors following submission unless specifically requested

## PROOFS

Authors are sent page proofs by email. These should be checked immediately and corrections, as well as answers to any queries, returned to the publishers as an annotated PDF via email or fax within 3 working days (further details are supplied with the proof). It is the author's responsibility to check proofs thoroughly.

## FIGURES & ILLUSTRATIONS

FIGURES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your figures separately as low-resolution images (.jpg, .tif, .gif or. eps); (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required after acceptance to supply high-resolution .tif files. Minimum resolutions are 300 d.p.i. for colour or tone images, and 600 d.p.i. for line drawings. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into low-resolution images for online submission.
Figures will not be relettered by the publisher. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. Any photomicrographs, electron micrographs or radiographs must be of high quality. Wherever possible, photographs should fit within the print area or within a column width. Photomicrographs should provide details of staining technique and a scale bar. Patients shown in photographs should have their identity concealed or should have given their written consent to publication.
When creating figures, please make sure any embedded text is large enough to read. Many figures contain miniscule characters such as numbers on a chart or graph. If these characters are not easily readable, they will most likely be illegible in the final version.

Certain image formats such as .jpg and .gif do not have high resolutions, so you may elect to save your figures and insert them as .tif instead.
For useful information on preparing your figures for publication, go to http://cpc.cadmus.com/da .

## PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE FIGURES AND EXTRACTS

Permission to reproduce copyright material, for print and online publication in perpetuity, must be cleared and if necessary paid for by the author; this includes applications and payments to DACS, ARS and similar licensing agencies where appropriate. Evidence in writing that such permissions have been secured from the rights-holder must be made available to the editors.

It is also the author's responsibility to include acknowledgements as stipulated by the particular institutions. Please note that obtaining copyright permission could take some time. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/access_purchase/rights_permissions.html .

Should you require copies of this then please contact the editorial office of the journal in question or the Oxford Journals Rights department on journals.permissions@oup.com .

For a copyright prose work, it is recommended that permission is obtained for the use of extracts longer than 400 words; a series of extracts totalling more than 800 words, of which any one extract is more than 300 words; or an extract or series of extracts comprising one-quarter of the work or more. For poetry: an extract of more than 40 lines; series of extracts totalling more than 40 lines; an extract comprising one-quarter or more of a complete poem.

## SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, or additional figures.
It is standard practice for appendices to be made available online-only as supplementary data. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats. All material to be considered as supplementary data must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication, and will not be edited. Please indicate clearly all material intended as supplementary data upon submission and name the files e.g. 'Supplementary Figure 1', 'Supplementary Data', etc. Also ensure that the supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary, for example as '(see Supplementary data)' or '(see Supplementary Figure 1)'.

## OXFORD OPEN ACCESS

HPP authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication.

After your manuscript is accepted the corresponding author will be required to accept a mandatory licence to publish agreement. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in Health Policy and Planning can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:

• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC BY-NC)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC BY-NC-ND)

You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

• Regular charge - £1600/$2550/€2100 • Health Systems Global member charge - £1200/$1950/€1550
• Reduced Rate Developing country charge* - £800/$1275/€1050 • Free Developing country charge * - £0/$0/€0

Please note that these charges are in addition to any colour/page charges that may apply.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

## ETHICS

Health Policy and Planning is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and strives to adhere to its code of conduct and guidelines.

In reports of investigations in humans or animals, authors must explicitly indicate (in the appropriate section of the Methods) their adherence to ethical standards and note the approval of an ethics committee when this is relevant.

## CROSSREF FUNDING DATA REGISTRY

In order to meet your funding requirements authors are required to name their funding sources, or state if there are none, during the submission process. For further information on this process or to find out more about the CHORUS initiative please click here .

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